Manifesto

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  • Created by: Lina
  • Created on: 14-04-14 20:55
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  • Manifesto
    • Form
      • Villanelle
      • The title suggests a public declaration by a political party of its policies for an electrion campaign
        • Supposed to be an impersonal publication
          • But here is suggests an overwhelming longing for change+ love
    • Stanza 1
      • Opening
        • Reflects a double-edged view of love
          • Through the practical "work"
            • Emphasised by the caesura
              • And the elevated vision of "art"
                • Captured through the masculine rhyme
      • Similar pattern of contrasts in the next 2 lines
        • As in the 1st line
          • The ordinary words lead to extraordinary
            • The speaker begins with the colloquial "muster"
              • And ends with romantic diction
                • E.g. "poems"+ "heart"
      • The repeated "t" sounds suggest the urgency of her longing
    • Stanza 2
      • Swift rhythm
        • Short stanzas
        • Frequent rhyme
      • Juxtaposition of colloquial phrases with heightened language
        • Helpless question
        • "Allegoric"- reference to the figure of Cupid
      • The suffering of love
        • Emphasised by the abrupt "Pierced"
          • Positioned at the beginning of the line+ stanza
    • Stanza 3
      • Irony in the title enacted throughout the poem
        • The Manifesto doesn't yet exist+ still has to be written
          • Hence, the frequent use of the future tense
            • Highlights the yearning+ restlessness in the speaker
      • Plain language+ Direct
        • But there are ironies in the statements
          • Touching blindness in what she does
            • "Sit"- oddly passive
              • We wonder if the poems will be anything more than "daydream"
    • Stanza 4
      • The speaker is a mixture of diffidence+ boldness
        • As if her feelings are hidden/ too difficult to articulate
          • She is sincere+ honest, but also suddenly assertive
            • Albeit in colloquial language
      • The language is a blend of determination+ realism
        • "Intend"- firm+ definite
          • "Favourite"- seems a disappointing alternative to "lover"/ "beloved"
    • Stanza 5
      • Bitter+ angry tone
        • Coarse+ colloquial words
          • Reflect an underlying frustration
            • Half rhyme "spit" creates rage
      • The refrain shows how the lover regains energy+ momentum
        • The alliteration makes the rhythm of the voice swift+urgent
    • Stanza 6
      • Sustained irony
        • Speaks in colloquial, rather than poetic lang
          • The poem ends as she seems to be beginning
            • We have no evidence of any of the writing
              • Touching hyperbole
                • Comically undermined by the colloquial half rhyme
      • The search for love is relentless+ unstoppable
        • The poem expands in length
          • Ends with a bold couplet
            • The yearning cannot be controlled/ confined

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