Major Characters of the Old Testament

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  • Major Characters of the Old Testament
    • Elijah
      • meaning "My God is  Yahweh"
      • a prophet and a wonder-worker in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of Ahab
      • He also had God perform miracles for him, which included raising the dead, bringing fire down from the sky, and having himself be taken up, "by a whirlwind"
      • King of Israel, continued policies dating from the reign of Jeroboam, contrary to the laws of Moses, that were intended to reorient religious focus away from Jerusalem: encouraging the building of local temple altars for sacrifices, appointing priests from outside the family of the Levites, and allowing or encouraging temples dedicated to the Canaanite god, Baal.
      • Ahab built a temple for Baal, and his wife Jezebel brought a large entourage of priests and prophets of Baal and Asherah into the country.
      • Elijah goes on the mountain to prove that God is there true God and not Baal
        • Drenches wood for sacrifice with water
        • Sets wood alight: supernatural
        • Offers sacrifice and rain falls showing that Yahweh = true God
    • Saul
      • first king of a united  Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
      • He was anointed by the prophet  Samuel and reigned from Gibeah.
      • He fell on his sword  (committing  suicide) to avoid capture in the battle against the Philistines at Mount Gilboa
      • Saul kills all the men, women, children and poor quality livestock, but leaves alive the king and best livestock.
    • Ahab
      • "Brother of the father"
      • Ahab married Jezebel, the daughter of the King of Tyre.
      • Jezebel was a dominant influence on Ahab and strove to spread idol worship of Baal in Israel.
      • The first encounter is with Elijah, whom Ahab refers to as "the troubler of Israel"
        • The fourth is when Elijah confronts Ahab over Ahab's and Jezebel's execution of Naboth and usurpation of the latter's ancestral vineyard
    • Jezabel
      • was a princess who married Ahab
      • Jezebel incited her husband King Ahab to abandon the worship of Yahweh and  encourage worship of the deities Baal and Asherah  instead.
      • Jezebel is said to have persecuted the prophets of Yahweh
      • Jezebel became associated with false prophets.


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