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  • Major characters of the Old Testament
    • ABRAHAM:  The word of God came to Abram in a vision and repeated the promise of the land and descendants as numerous as the stars
      • God told of the future ******* of Israel in Egypt.
      • God described to Abram the land that his offspring would claim: the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaims, Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.
      • Sarah couldn't have children so she offered up her handmaiden (Hagar) in order for Abraham to have a child.
        • Abraham and Hagar's child was named Ishmael.
      • God declared Abram's new name: "Abraham" – "a father of many nations"
      • God declared Sarai's new name: "Sarah" and blessed her and told Abraham, "I will give thee a son also of her".
      • Immediately after Abraham's encounter with God, he had his entire household of men circumcised.
      • His son whom he named Isaac was born; and he circumcised him when he was eight days old.
        • Abraham was commanded by God to offer his son up as a sacrifice in the land of Moriah.
        • The patriarch traveled three days until he came to the mount that God told him of.
        • Isaac carried the wood upon which he would be sacrificed.
        • Along the way, Isaac asked his father where the animal for the burnt offering was, to which Abraham replied "God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering".
          • Just as Abraham was about to sacrifice his son, he was interrupted by "the angel of the LORD", and he saw behind him a "ram caught in a thicket by his horns", which he sacrificed instead of his son.
          • For his obedience he received another promise of numerous descendants and abundant prosperity.
    • MOSES: Moses' Hebrew mother,Jochebed, secretly hid him when the Pharaoh ordered all newborn Hebrew boys to be killed
      • Through the Pharaoh's daughter the child was adopted as a foundling  from the Nile river and grew up with the Egyptian royal family.
      • fter killing an Egyptian slavemaster  Moses fled across the Red Sea to Midian, where he encountered the God of Israel speaking to him from within a "burning bush which was not consumed by the fire" on Mount Horeb
      • God sent Moses back to Egypt to demand the release of the Israelites from slavery.
        • commanded him to return to Egypt and bring his Chosen People (Israel) out of ******* and into the Promised Land (Canaan).
      • After the Ten Plagues, Moses led the Exodus of the Israelites out of Egypt and across the Red Sea, after which they based themselves at Mount Sinai, where Moses received the Ten Commandments.
        • he could destroy Pharaoh and his army at the Red Sea Crossing as a sign of his power to Israel and the nations.
    • Amos
      • one of the Twelve Minor Prophets.
      • reign of Jeroboam II
      • from the southern Kingdom of Judah but preached in the northern Kingdom of Israel.
      • Amos was a sheep herder and a sycamore figfarmer
        • "I am not a prophet nor a son of a prophet"
      • Two of his teachings are: Prayers and sacrifices do not make up for bad deeds .Behaving justly is much more important than ritual
    • Samuel
      • literally meaning "Name of God" in Hebrew
      • last of theHebrew Judges and the first of the major prophets who began to prophesy inside the Land of Israel.
      • he also anointed the first two kings of the Kingdom of Israel: Saul and David
      • A seer, based at Ramah
      • Samuel initially appointed his two sons as his successors; however, the Israelites rejected them and insisted on having a king rule over them.
        • Samuel, who is opposed to a king, warns them of the potential negative consequences of such a decision, but a#t the people's insistence, asks God for a king.


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