Main points on each theory

  • Created by: Bethb310
  • Created on: 27-11-19 14:23
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  • Main Points on each Theory
    • Marxism
      • Youth is a resistance against the ruling class.
      • 60's and 70's was a time of social issues facing working class youths, e.g. unemployment, racial tensions and strikes.
      • Youth is a response and solution to being a part of the working class.
    • Functionalism
      • Youth is a transition period between childhood and adulthood.
      • Test boundaries by rebelling - learning norms and values.
      • Anomie causes young people to learn from norms from the media and peers.
      • Youth helps relieve stress and frustrations.
      • Changes due to capitalism meant that the family can no longer teach children how to be adults.
      • Compulsory education helped to ease the transition.
    • Feminism
      • Females in youth subcultures aren't understood because they are often ignored.
        • When they are, it was just stereotypical views of girls often presenting them as the passive 'girlfriends' or just the male subculture members.
    • Postmodernism
      • Subcultural Capital: about 'being in the know about what it is 'in' or 'out' on the subcultural scene'.
        • It is used to gain status and distinguish themselves from themselves from those who are mainstream followers, defining themselves as more 'authentic'
      • Neo - tribe: more loosely organised grouping with no fixed membership or deep commitment, rather than a subculture.
      • Supermarket of style: youths can create identities by picking up and mixing from various cultures, fashions, lifestyles and music.
        • Through media and choice from all different cultures.


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