Language Change: Lexis/Semantics

Revision mindmap on the lexis/semantics of language change.

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  • Lexis/Semantics
    • The English language is subjected to a perpetual flux and reinvention.
      • Diachronic change.
        • Changes which affect language over time.
      • Synchronic change.
        • Changes which happen in a short space of time.
    • Neologisms are formed everyday.
      • Completely new words.
        • Coinage.
          • Words that are invented to name or label things.
      • Words from other languages.
        • Borrowing.
          • Words are taken from other languages.
      • Words formed from existing words.
        • Affixing.
          • Words have prefixes and suffixes added to them.
          • Prefixes and suffixes are usually from Latin.
        • Compounding.
          • Words are combined to form new, larger words.
          • A hyphen was originally used, but over time these have diminished.
        • Blends.
          • Words are formed by parts of words being merged together.
        • Conversion.
          • The word class of an existing word changes.
      • Words formed by shortening.
        • Abbreviation.
          • A new word is formed by shortening an existing word.
        • Back formation.
          • A word is shortened to make a different word class than originally.
        • Acronyms.
          • Words are formed from the initials of letters of previous words.
        • Initialisms.
          • Words are shortened into their initials, however this does not make a new word.
        • Words from names.
          • Words are formed through names of people or places.


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