leibniz innatism

  • Created by: imyimss
  • Created on: 06-06-18 00:43
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  • LEIBNIZ ON INNATE IDEAS
    • P1. the senses only give us particular instances
      • P2. a collection of instances can never show the necessity of truth
        • P3. We can grasp and prove many necessary truths (maths)
          • C1. Therefore the necessary truths that we grasp with out min do not derive from the senses
            • C2. The mind is the source of these necessary truths
              • C3. These ideas are known innately
    • MARBLE COMPARISON
      • our minds are not born with fully fledged ideas (like a fully carved statue)
        • we are born with 'incinations, dispositions, tendencies or natural potentialities' (veins in the marble)
          • these enable the mind to realise certain truths and think in certain ways
    • WHAT IDEAS ARE INNATE?
      • truths of mathematics
      • logical principles such as the law of non-contradiction
      • the concept of identity
      • concepts derived from our awareness of ourselves (unity, change, action, pleasure)
    • with sufficient careful attention we can reveal these innate principles using reason

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