Legislation Health and Social Care Unit 7 - Meeting individuals needs

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  • Legislation
    • The NHS Plan 2000
      • A 10 year plan, set out a vision of health service designed around the patient
      • Targets include:
        • 7000 extra beds in hospitals and intermediate care
        • 100 new hospitals, better food
        • 7500 more consultants, 2000 more GP's
        • As a result of these changes waiting times for treatment were reduced
    • Health Act 1999
      • Primary care trusts introduced
      • Also allowed the introduction of walk in health centers, increased use of day surgeries in health centers, health clinics and advice sessions in clinics
    • NHS and Community Care Act 1990
      • Developed from two white papers
      • As a result from this act, several changes were made:
        • Social services took the lead role for community care services
        • Social services and social work departments had to produce care plans for their area
        • Care managers were appointed by social services to assess peoples needs
        • Mixed economy of care
        • Inspections introduced, provided by the council
    • The Children Act 1989
      • Services must be provided for those children assesed as being in need. Children who are assessed as being in need are eligible for:
        • Day care (Under 5 and not at school)
        • Care and supervised activities outside school hours and in school holidays
    • The Green paper, Every Child Matters 2003
      • It was a consultation document in which young people, their families and prodessionals and those working with them were asked for their views. The response showed that the aims of children's services should be to minimize risks for all children and support them to:
        • Be Healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution,
    • The children Act 2004
      • New framework for children's building on the five aims of Every Child Matters
        • The act shifted the emphasis from intervention to prevention and encourages services to work together more effectively
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    • The Mental Health Act 1983
      • Lays down the rules for compulsory admission to hospital if a person with mental illness poses a risk to the health and saftey of themselves or others
        • The hospital is expected to follow the mental health code of practice.
        • Members of the Mental Health Commission regularly visit the hospital where patients are detained under the Act and offer all patients a chance to meet with them and to discuss their care.
    • The Disability Discrimination  Act 1995
      • This Act is designed to prevent discrimination against people with disabilities and covers employment access to education, transport and housing.
      • In 2004 service providers had to make 'reasonable' changes to their premises so that disabled people could have access for example:
        • Additional disabled car parking spaces.
        • Grab rails in toilets
        • Ground floor rooms for clients using the services
        • Stair lifts in premises without a lift.
    • The Human Rights Act 1998
      • The aim of the Act is to achieve a fair balance between the public interest and the individual's rights. The main human rights which are most relevant to working in care are:
        • Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law
        • No one should be subjected to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
        • Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion
        • Everyone has the right to freedom of expression


Sam Morran


I like how this resource looks at all the various Acts and helps to put things into context.

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