Kenya Case Study

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  • Kenya
    • East Africa, over 700,000 visitors per year
    • people visit for many reasons
      • Tribal Culture
      • Wildlife (the big five)
      • Wildlife safaris
      • Warm Climate average of 28 degrees
      • Scenery - Savannah, mountains, forests, beaches, coral reefs
    • Positive impacts
      • Economic - contributes to 15% of the country's Gross National Product
        • in 2003, 219,000 people worked in the tourist industry
      • Social - Culture and customs of the native Maasai tribe are perserved as traditional dancing is often displayed
      • Environmental - 23 National Parks (Nairobi NP) Tourist pay to get in
        • This money is used to maintain the National Parks which help protect the environment and wildlife
    • Negative impacts
      • Economic - only 15% of money earned goes to locals, rest lost through economic leakage
      • Social - some Maasai tribes people forced off their land to create National Parks for tourists
        • Some Muslim people are offended by the way women tourist dress
      • Environmental - Safari vehicles have destroyed vegetation causing soil erosion
        • Wild animals have been affected, animals changing hunting behavior to avoid crowds
        • Coral reefs are being destroyed by the tourist boats anchoring
    • Managing the impacts of tourism
      • Walking / horseback tours being promoted rather than vehicles
      • climbing and white water rafting being promoted instead of safari


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