Kanner - Causes of stress, hassles

  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 01-02-16 20:14
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  • Kanner - Causes of stress, hassles
    • Aim:
      • To compare the Hassles and Uplift scale and the Berkman Life Events Scale as predictors of psychological symptoms of stress.
    • Methodology:
      • 12 month longitudinal study. Repeated measures design. Each participant completes the Hassles scale and the Life Events scale.
      • They then assessed their psychological symptoms of stress using the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist and the Bradburn Morale Scale.
    • Participants:
      • 100 people, 48 men and 5 women, aged 45 to 64. 216 initially contacted, 109 agreed to take part, 9 dropped out. Previously completed a health survey in 1965.
      • From California, predominantly white, protestant. Had adequate/above income, at least 9th grade education.
    • Procedure:
      • All tests sent out by post 1 month before the study began. Participants were asked to complete: The Hassles rating every month for 9 months, the life events rating after 10 months, the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist and the Bradburn Morale Scale every month for 9 months.
    • Findings:
      • Hassles were consistent from month to month. Life events for men correlated positively with with hassles and negativity with uplifts. The more life events the men reported on the self report, the more hassles they reported on the hassles rating scale and the fewer uplifts they reported.
      • The more life events women reported, the more hassles and uplifts they reported. Hassles frequency correlated positively with psychological symptoms on the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist.
      • More hassles reported = more negative psychological symptoms reported. Hassles correlated more with these symptoms than life events did.
    • Conclusions:
      • Hassles are a more powerful predictor of psychological symptoms than life events. Hassles contribute to psychological symptoms whatever life events have happened.


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