daily hassles

  • Created by: Elyseee
  • Created on: 10-01-21 19:17
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  • Daily hassles
    • hassles and uplifts
      • Minor day to day irritations that trigger our stress response
      • Eg) might lose our keys, be unable to find parking space
      • Can also include social hassles eg) issues at work
      • might mean issues with physical environment eg)noise levels or traffic
      • We also experience uplifts - positive experiences eg) good night’s sleep, good news, getting high grade in a test
      • Uplifts may neutralise harmful effects of hassles by making us feel more positive
      • Give us a break from hassles or give is energy to sustain coping strategies we use (Lazarus et al 1980)
    • research
      • research shows close relationship between daily hassles and illness, relationship appears to be stronger than that found between life events and illness
      • Allen Kanner et al 1981
        • Procedures: study used longitudinal design to compare impact of life events and daily hassles as source of stress. 100 participants age 45-64, completed hassles and uplifts scale for events over previous month, continued to do this once a month for 9 months. Questionnaires also used to measure participants mental health status (Hopkins symptom checklist) and emotional responses (Bradbury Morale scale)
        • Findings: negative correlation between frequency of hassles and psychological well being, participants with fewest hassles showed highest levels of wellbeing. Found hassles were better predictors of wellbeing than life events, also a better prediction than uplifts
    • why hassles have an effect
      • accumulation effect - build up of stressors leads to negative effects. Each hassles might not be stressful but lots experienced together might lead to ongoing feelings of stress, therefore negative effects associated with it. Hassles often experienced almost daily eg) work, family, likely to be difficult to avoid which can exacerbate problem
      • Amplification - possible that chronic stress as result of life changes makes people more vulnerable to effects of hassles. Person already experiencing stress and their resources are depleted, may find minor irritations more difficult to cope with. Eg) someone going through divorce might find it difficult to cope with minor work problems. Life events can also create hassles eg) someone getting divorced having to manage finances and care for children on their own
      • Lack of social support - Flett et al 1995, 320 students to read a story describing an individual who had experienced a life event or daily hassle. Participants then asked to rate amount of social support individuals in story would seek, individuals who experienced life events were rated as more in need of social support and therefore more likely to seek it. Daily hassles may cause so many issues because we don't usually seek support to deals with them


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