Justification by Faith

  • Created by: Tori
  • Created on: 13-09-20 13:31
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  • Justification by Faith
    • Background info
      • The word 'justification' is the translation of a Greek world that has legal connotations.
      • In the thinking of Paul and Martin Luther, 'to be justified' is to be counted by God as rightous and thus able to have a relationship with God.
      • Its an 'eschatolog-ical' term.
        • Thus, its concerned with the ultimate fate of humanity.
        • Eschatolog-ical = a term referring to events at the end of time.
    • Justification by faith in the thinking of Paul
      • The most important teaching on this concept is found in Paul's letter to the Church in Rome.
        • Before this conversation, Paul believed that he had to earn a good relationship w/ God via keeping Jewish law.
          • However, he was continually furstrated by his inability to do so, saying the more he tried the more he failed.
            • "I have the desire to do what is good, but I cannot carry it out" -Romans 7:18-19.
      • Due to original sin, its impossible for humans to earn a good relationship with God.
        • Original sin = the flawed and sinful nature possessed by all humanity.
        • Only God's grace makes this possible.
      • Humans are invited to respond to God's offer of salvation and eternal life with faith.
      • It's not faith that justifies, but rather God justifiying them.
        • The faith of the believer is simple the responce to the gift of grace.
        • The believer is then at peace with God and is able to live a life pleasing to God.
          • But this is out of a new relationship with God, not a way of earning that relationship.
        • This has always been the case, even for those before Jesus like Abraham.
          • "Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteous" - Genesis 15:6
      • 'Sola Fide'
        • Latin term meaning 'by faith alone'.
    • Justification by faith in the thinking of Martin Luther
      • Luther set the reformation in motion in 1517, by attacking the corruption in much of the medieval Catholic Church.
      • He set out a simpler religion that was based on scripture and the personal faith of the individual believer.
      • Doctrine of Sola Scriptura.
      • He taught that faith of the believer is passive.
        • Justification comes by what God achieves through the atoning death of Jesus.
        • For Luther, good conduct was the expression of a person's faith, but it had no saving value whatsoever.
          • "being consecrated by his faith, does good works, but he is not by these works made... more of a Christian."


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