John Locke (2)

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  • John Locke (2)
    • Consent and Democracy
      • State legitimacy relies on consent which can be tacit
      • Legitimate political authority as democratic and open
      • Conveniences of SoN is that it can act as interpreter and defender of law of nature regarding private property rights
      • Most people do not have property so not good idea to give vote to public
      • What if they vote to take property away from its legitimate owners?
    • Property
      • How can we come to own anything if its given by God?
      • Fundamental law of nature
      • Humanity needs to be preserved as much as possible so we must take what we need
      • Survival is a duty because God put us on earth but there are conditions
      • Person must not take so much that it will be wasted
      • People must leave 'as good and enough as' for other people
      • But how does this account for land ownership?
    • Mixing Labour
      • If by mixing labour with an object does it become yours?
      • Is this sufficient enough to make it your property?
      • Soup and ocean example
      • Must not make other people worse off
      • Money. Money creates more wealth than an economy based on barter
    • Natural Rights and Human Rights
      • For Locke, liberty and equality are natural rights
      • These rights are 'unalienable' and cannot be given away
      • You cannot commit suicide or sell yourself into slavery

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