Inbau et al. - Nine Steps of Interrogation

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  • Inbau et al.
    • 1. Direct Confrontation
      • the suspect is told directly that they are thought to have committed the crime
    • 2. Blame Shift
      • They are offered suggestions or justifications for what happened, they have to show sympathy and understanding
      • Meant to make it easier to admit guilt
    • 3. Denying Guilt
      • Any denial is interrupted to stop the suspect getting a psychological advantage
    • 4. Ignore Reasons for not Committing the Crime
      • They ignore these to move towards a confession as they give up trying eventually
    • 5. Reinforce Sincerity
      • Done to ensure the suspect stays receptive, they stay close, eye contact, first names
    • 6. Inferring Guilt from Crying
      • They become quieter and listen, offer alternatives, infer guilt if they cry
    • 7. Alternative Question
      • One socially acceptable reason, one not
    • 8. Admit guilt in front of witness
    • 9. Document admission and get them to sign confession

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