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  • humanism
    • roots: Maslow & Rogers (1950s), challenging the "behaviourist notion of operant conditioning", the humanistic model emphasises individuality & self-determination. behaviour is understood from perspective of learner
      • Maslow's hierarchy of needs: children allowed to improve their own behaviour
    • classroom management techniques are not directed at inappropriate behaviours, but are regarded as a symptom of a greater problem
    • teacher identified as a facilitator, who encourages students to manage their own learning environment
    • strategies are intended to convert learner's self-concept from negative to positive state, leading to appropriate forms of behaviour
    • self-actualisation: comprising self-image, ideal-esteem. achieved through unity between these three.
    • classroom management: fostering, supportive, student-centred, facilitates free expression & develops potential. choice, motivation & self-awareness: considered "conscious" vehicles through which behaviour can be conditioned.
      • teachers are encouraged to build relationships that embrace uniqueness & wholeness of teach pupil, to support fulfilling potential & self-development. methods: problem solving, goal setting, diary accounts, empower pupils in their own learning process.


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