How successful was Churchill's wartime leadership?

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  • How successful was Churchill's wartime leadership?
    • PROS
      • VICTORY
        • Major battles fought+won
          • Dunkirk
          • Battle of Britain
          • The Blitz
          • El Alamein 1942
        • Europe's Victory Day - 8th May 1945
      • War experience
        • Past - Boer War, WW1 -- knew war atmosphere
        • Knew the best tactics (refused Stalins's suggestion of invasion of France)
      • Tried to make strong relations
        • Generals
          • Montgomery - major win at El Alamein
        • Outside war (Eden) - later to be PM
        • 'Big Three'
          • Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt
            • special relationship with Roosevelt (LEND-LEASE)
              • £31.6 billion by 1945
        • The public
          • Made visits - kept them feeling out of disaster
      • Speeches - "WEAPON OF WAR"
        • 78% polled for him
        • Won over people with heroism
      • Personality
        • Flamboyant
        • "Bull-dog spirit"
          • increased morale of public
        • Fatherly figure
        • unique uniforms/ costumes
        • Politicised
        • Imaginative
        • Dedicated
          • 18-hour days
          • Worked in bath tub + bed
            • Flamboyant
        • Daring and ruthless
          • Willing to do anything in war to protect Allies from under-going German authority
            • even willing to destroy French fleet (Allies) to protect Britain
          • Protective of Britain status
            • even willing to destroy French fleet (Allies) to protect Britain
          • PROS
            • VICTORY
              • Major battles fought+won
                • Dunkirk
                • Battle of Britain
                • The Blitz
                • El Alamein 1942
              • Europe's Victory Day - 8th May 1945
            • War experience
              • Past - Boer War, WW1 -- knew war atmosphere
              • Knew the best tactics (refused Stalins's suggestion of invasion of France)
            • Tried to make strong relations
              • Generals
                • Montgomery - major win at El Alamein
              • Outside war (Eden) - later to be PM
              • 'Big Three'
                • Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt
                  • special relationship with Roosevelt (LEND-LEASE)
                    • £31.6 billion by 1945
              • The public
                • Made visits - kept them feeling out of disaster
            • Speeches - "WEAPON OF WAR"
              • 78% polled for him
              • Won over people with heroism
            • Personality
              • "Bull-dog spirit"
                • increased morale of public
              • Fatherly figure
              • unique uniforms/ costumes
              • Politicised
              • Imaginative
              • Dedicated
                • 18-hour days
                • Worked in bath tub + bed
                • Daring and ruthless
                  • Willing to do anything in war to protect Allies from under-going German authority
                    • Protective of Britain status
                  • BRINGS RIVALS TOGETHER IN COALITION
            • BRINGS RIVALS TOGETHER IN COALITION
          • CON'S
            • War/battles
              • Lost at Norway Campaign 1940
                • changed his mind on plans all the time
                  • ships got seperated
                • interfered and indecisive leadership
                • had humiliation of getting chased home by Nazis
                • massive military blunder
              • Past wars mistakes
                • Battle of Somme
                  • biggest military disaster ever
                • 1940 France Fell - however did have global problems not just allies
                • Removed expert general Talbott of u boats because pointed out churchill's mistake
                  • repeated problem because links to removal of generals in leadership reign (wavell, auchinleck)
                    • if weren't similar or same view - he got rid of them
                    • relationships weren't always good (with generals)
            • Relations/ decisions
              • dismisses officers because he has favourites due to having similar strong personalities
                • if weren't similar or same view - he got rid of them
                • Liked favourites (i.e. Montgomery, Anthony Eden)
                  • In El Alabain - he ignored experts advice and turned to Eden
              • Liked favourites (i.e. Montgomery, Anthony Eden)
                • In El Alabain - he ignored experts advice and turned to Eden
              • lied to civilians about U boats - said destroyed 1/2  yet only destroyed 9/26
                • only cares about results not people + casualties
            • Inhumane war decisions
              • Firebombing in Dresden 1945
                • immoral? ineffective? justiced or war crime contreversy
                  • 1945 - end of war
                  • up to 500,000 dead as result
                  • defence-less with no military value
                  • anyone killed IN FIRESTORM
                  • contradicted Chamberlain parliament statement - 'against international law to bomb civilians as such and to make deliberate attacks on civilian popullation'
              • Dangerous/ ruthless ideas
                • Germ Warfare?!
            • Churchill as leader/person
              • Old fashioned -> didn't fully understand modern military
                • met peak of war tactic in Boer War
              • hated weakness (in staff)
              • very picky and precise on everything
              • dangerous
              • didn't always listen to experts - often listened/ chose his favourites.
              • always takes offensive (attack first)
              • impatient + neglegence of defense
              • drove staff hard - (were tired and got frustrated)
              • wasn't best option - was only option (Lord Halifax was one wanted)
              • often bad-tempered + hard to work with
              • strong views that conflict his ideas + performance
              • exaggerated and aggressive
              • over-works} was danger to his own health - had heart attacks
            • Belief over matter?
              • Waged war in N. Africa + Med (Egypt) not Europe - protecting empire past?
                • war out of europe looked like he was delaying war?!
                  • was it because had old memories of WW1 mass casualties??
                • D-Day happened 1944 -END OF WAR ISH - could have been earlier - save chaos
                  • it had made disagreements with USA from December 1941  - could have got involved earlier
                    • Lost control of war to USA - D-Day 1944
                      • could have been avoided if dealt with Europe first

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