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PRIME MINISTERS ­ 1945-1990
*WINSTON CHURCHILL 1940-45 ­ 5 years
CLEMENT ATTLEE 1945-51 ­ 6 years
WINSTON CHURCHILL 1951-55 ­ 4 years
ANTHONY EDEN 1955-57 ­ 2 years
HAROLD MACMILLAN 1957-63 ­ 6 years
ALEC DOUGLAS HOME 1963-64 ­ 1 year
HAROLD WILSON 1964-70 ­ 6 years
EDWARD HEATH 1970-74 ­ 4 years
HAROLD WILSON 1974-76 ­ 2 years
JAMES CALLAGHAN 1976-79 ­ 3 years
MARGARET THATCHER 1979-90 ­ 11 years…read more

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POST WAR BRITAIN
May 1945: Victory in Europe day
Before 1945 there had only been one labour government
Churchill was currently Prime Minister
Britain was governed by a war cabinet which included both labour and
conservative politicians
Socially behind e.g. a women's place was at home, heavy labour jobs
Living standards were low…read more

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WHY DID LABOUR WIN THE 1945 GENERAL
ELECTION
Winston Churchill: Was seen as a war leader and not the right man for
peacetime reconstruction, many people didn't associate him with the
Conservatives.
Holding an election too soon after war: lives were destroyed and
people were trying to recover from the devastating destruction
The Labour election manifesto: Was more forward thinking and
appealing than the conservatives manifesto
Complacency: Many of the conservatives believed that the public would
be grateful for getting them through the war and automatically `thank'
Churchill. Underestimating Labour
Gestapo speech: Churchill tried to scare voters with the idea that voting
for Labour would result in a totalitarian state control and secret police…read more

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LABOURS FIRST CABINET ­ JULY 1945
Clement Attlee was the leader of the Labour party and the new Prime
Minister.
Attlee became leader of the Labour party in 1935.
Attlee was the antithesis of Churchill, small, lacking charisma and a poor
orator.
Cabinet: Ernie Bevin ­ Foreign Secretary
Herbert Morrison ­ Deputy MP
Stafford Cripps ­ Chancellor and Minister for Trade
Nye Bevan ­ Minister of Health
Ellen Wilkinson ­ Minster for Education
James Chuter Ede ­ Home Secretary…read more

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THE BEVERIDGE REPORT - 1942
William Beveridge ­ Set up the rationing system
Was asked by the coalition to review the living conditions of Britain, creating the
Beveridge Report
The `Five Giant Killers' in society
Squalor: High unemployment meant that people were unable to improve the bad living
conditions they had to deal with. People inevitably became ill and couldn't work, resulting
in financial trouble for the country.
Ignorance: Higher social classes were ignorant towards their role in society and ignoring
the problems that were occurring with lower classes.
Want: People desired a certain standard of living but couldn't get this because of the
state of the country.
Idleness: High unemployment mean that people were doing nothing and thus not paying
for anything
Disease: Believed that disease was linked to financial trouble as it stopped people from
working.
( NHS ­ 1948)…read more

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Comments

RobynViney

Massive help :)

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