Honduras

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  • Honduras-impact of global governance of human rights- LIDC
    • Honduras as an LIDC
      • Least developed country in central America- MMR 120 per 100,000
      • 39% work in agriculture, 21% industry, 40% services, 85% literacy rates
      • politically unstable country- civil authorities have failed to control security forces and deal with human rights
      • devastated by hurricane mitch in 1998- still recovering
    • Human rights issues
      • highest murder rates in the world- 1 woman is murdered every 16 hours, highest femocide rates in the world. Women and children moving to US south borders, 95% of crimes go unpunished- related to gang culture
        • place for women to report violence but its not useful- women face murder if they report crimes
      • limited access to education and healthcare
      • gang culture and drug related violence - organised crimes include trafficking of child labour and child prostitution
      • poverty- 44% of population live on $2 a day
    • Global governance
      • Supranational-UN
        • Sent human rights advisers to Honduras to strengthen government institutions- build stronger human rights culture and help implement human rights action plan
      • regional strategies- USA
        • USA- $50 million in security aid, provides assistance through central American Region
      • National- Honduran gov.
        • Ministry for Justice and Human rights to reform citizen security and prevent torture- relies heavily on NGOs to provide healthcare in rural areas
      • NGO strategies
        • Care international- tackling human rights issues such as poverty, education, employment opportunity, healthcare, water and food provisions
        • 'Coffee vs gangs'
          • San Pedro Sula- most dangerous city in the world, lack of opportunity leads to people joining
          • takes 20 people each year to be responsible, respectable part of society- technical and academic training
    • opportunities
      • for stability-bilateral links with USA are helping economy and national security, political stability is being achieved with US support for anti corruption, community efforts to prevent gang activity- education for at risk youths
      • Economic growth-USA and UN are implementing new food security programmes and promoting economic diversification and training citizens to respond to natural disasters, small farmers assisted to increase trade opportunities
      • socio- economic development-40% of population is under 15- authorities in rural and urban areas to meet targets fro school enrolment, improving maternal and child health nutrition
    • Challenges
      • inequality-inequality between rich and poor in urban areas- San Pedro Sula. Rural- urban migration leads to housing shortages- water supply and sanitation, unequal access to education and healthcare and between girls and boys
      • injustices- criminal justice system needs modernising- greater protection of human rights, attacks on journalists continue, violence against women and children are high and so is gang culture and trafficking

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