5.4.a Honduras HR

  • Created by: lee8444
  • Created on: 24-02-20 20:18

Human rights issues in Honduras

  • One of the least developed countries in Central America
  • 2014 - GDP = 4700
  • Life expectancy - 71
  • MMR - 120 per 100,000
  • IMR - 17.8 per 1000
  • 39% agriculture, 21% industry, 40% services
  • Politically unstable with very little security since the military control in 1982
  • Hurricane Mitch in 1998 caused mass damage
  • An extremely high murder rate
  • Unlawful use of police brutality and corruption
  • Killings over ownership of land in rural Honduras
  • Discrimination against indigenous populations
  • Gang culture and drug-related violence
  • Organised crime - trafficking, child labour, prostitution
  • Harassment of women
  • Threats and killings of journalists
  • Poverty - 44% under $2 per day
  • Limited access to healthcare and education
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Global governance strategies

  • UN has sent a human rights advisor to Honduras to work alongside the government
  • AIms to strengthen government institutions working with human rights
  • Want to implement the Honduran National Human Rights Action Plan
  • The USA provided $50 million in security aid from 2010 to 2014
  • The USA provides assistance through Central American security
  • Military and policing is available if the Honduran government meets human rights targets
  • USAID in general
  • Ministry for Justice and Human Rights has been set up to prevent torture
  • Relies heavily on NGOs to address healthcare
  • e.g. Care International tackles poverty, education, employment, healthcare, water and food production in rural Honduras
  • Kenco are providing education and jobs with Coffee vs Gangs
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Opportunities for stability, growth and developmen

  • Stability
    • Bilateral links with the USA help the economy and national security
    • Political stability with anti-corruption elections with US support
    • Local governance is being strengthened by the Central America Regional Security Initiative
    • Community-based efforts to prevent crime and gang activity, especially for the youth
  • Economic growth
    • Food security programs promote economic diversification and training against natural disasters helping Honduras to recover financially
    • CAFTA-DR - small farmers are being encouraged to trade more benefitting everyone financially
    • USAID is working with poverty in local areas and enabling communities to realise and reach their potential
  • Socio-economic development
    • 40% of the population is under 15 - decentralising education so school enrolment increases
    • Efforts to improve maternal and child health alongside nutrition
    • Efforts to prevent HIV/AIDS
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Challenges for inequality and injustice


  • Inequalities between rich and poor
  • Rural-urban migration leads to a shortage of housing and poor water supply
  • Unequal access to healthcare and education
  • Inequalities due to gender and aginst HIV +ve people


  • Judges face heavy intimidation and threats
  • The justice system needs to be updated to include the protection of human rights
  • Attacks on journalists continue
  • Still violence against children
  • Discrimination against indigenous people
  • High murder, drug, gang and trafficking rates
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