The Rise of the Nazi Party, 1919 - 1930

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The Rise of the Nazi Party
The Early Years of the Weimar Republic
The Treaty of Versailles (signed in 1919):
War guilt: Article 231 stated that Germany was to blame for the war
Reparation = allowed victorious powers to demand compensation of 6.6billion in annual
instalments Germany was already bankrupt from WW1 and could not afford these payment
(arguably led to the resistance in Ruhr and hyperinflation)
Military = Germany was not allowed no air craft or submarines and there army was reduced
to 100,000 men. Rhineland was demilitarised. This meant many Freikorps lost their job
adding to the unemployment
Territory = lost all over sea colonies and Alsace Lorraine went back to France.
The treaty such as the war guilt promoted the `stab in the back theory' allowing people to turn to
extremist groups like freikorps/communists. This is because the people blamed the government for
signing the treaty but also because this meant that the treaty took away a proud military pride,
something that Hitler later exploited.
Spartacist Revolt (5th Jan 1919):
What happened ­ staged an uprising in Berlin by taking control of the news paper and telegraph.
They also tried to organise a general strike but received little support. The Freikorps to take control
of communist and on 10th January they took the Spartacist HQ and on the 15th January the
Spartacist were crushed Success ­ shows Weimar
weakness to deal with enemies due to the length of uprising
Failure ­ Spartacist lost 100men to Freikorps 13men. Also the little support received from strike
highlights that people may have had faith in the Weimar government.
The Kapp Putsch (occurred in March 1920):
What Happened ­ Dr Wolfgang Kapp and the Freikorps took control over Berlin meaning the
Weimar government were forced to flee the capital. However Kapp gave up due to the people and
power of the strike.
Success (challenged the Weimar) ­ highlighted the governments weakness to stop threats as the
Freikorps imposed a direct threat in which Ebert had no immediate response. Therefore, arguably
this undermined his status in Germany as the government fled the capital and did not challenge Kapp
so only the mass power of the strike reestablished Ebert's authority. Failure (the success of the
Putsch against Government) this is debatable as Kapp wanted to set up a new government with
himself as chancellor. So the strike does portray the view that the people were willing to support
Ebert's government rather than a right wing government. However, maybe Ebert was not the reason
for the strike but simply the people wanted no more trouble after dealing with the Spartacist revolt in
1919 and therefore peace was more important than political beliefs.

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The Decline and failures of the Weimar Republic:
· There were 18 governments in between the years 191933, meaning each one lasted on
average less than a year.…read more

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Ludendorff marched 3,000 members to the city centre where 100 police blocked their paths. Hitler
shouted surrender and 16 Nazis were shot while only 3 police. Hitler dislocated shoulder.
Success ­ However it was a success in the long term as Hitler had time to write his book `Mein
Kemf' (My struggle) which promoted his views and polices to the German people and became best
seller.…read more

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Young Plan (1929):
What is it? : This was just a reduction in reparations where there was a time scale for reparation
repayments so Germany had to pay for the next 59 years.
Benefits: Germany reduced the payments from 2500 million marks to 2000 million marks which
helped further stabilise the German economy. In return, the French promised to evacuate the
Rhineland in 1930 which is 5 years ahead of schedule. A benefit is that it helped restore Germany's
pride.…read more

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The Appeal of Hitler:
Radical party
Strong leader ­ good public speaker, charismatic, propaganda, provided rallies etc,
Willing to use money to bribe people
New ideas and modern methods with generalised slogans
Strong policies
Treaty of Versailles
End unemployment
Rearm Germany and turn it into a Great nation again
Anti ­ Semitic and Anti ­ communist which provided blame for people
Appealed to all classes ­ talked about uniting the people of Germany
The work of SA:
They were used to enforce discipline on the…read more

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Promised jobs and therefore sort our unemployment
Blame Jews, Communists and Weimar government failure for Germany's problems
Bring Pride back to Germany which appealed to unemployed, business men and youth
Military presence, to bring order to the streets
The Depression has a direct link to Hitler's increase in popularity.…read more

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