History GCSE The Globe study case

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  • Elizabethan Theatre
    • Opposition
      • There were many pickpocketers
      • Medieval Mystery plays were perviosly banned by Henry 8th
      • Earthquake in 1580, Purians claimed it was Gods anger at theatre
      • Puritans felt it distracted people from God
      • Pit members called "groundlings" had to stand in very bad conditions
      • 1572 law: if an actor does not have a high up patron they are seen as a criminal
      • Large crowds increased risk of spreading disease
      • There were often drunken fights in the pit
      • 1574: The council of London bans all plays
      • 1593,1603,1608: all forced to close again due to plague
      • Owner of 'the Theatre' land, Giles Allen, refused to renew rent
      • 1597: Play called "Isle of Dogs" is destroyed for making fun of Queen
      • Plays had to be checked by the Master of Revel
      • The Globe was closed in 1642 under Puritan influence
    • Popularity
      • Realized to be influential and used as propaganda
      • Patrons earned lots of money from the theatre
        • Phillip Henslow earned so much off The Rose he built The Fortune
      • In the in courtyards the owners made lots of profit so plays were performed often
      • Elizabeth enjoyed and supported the theatre
        • This led to some Protestants trusting it
      • 1574: Burbage gets a licence to create the "Early of Leicester's men"
      • Richard Burbage: a celebrity actor of his time
      • Gentry spent money on the arts to appear cultured
      • The Pit was so cheap everyone could afford it
      • Actors became well respected
        • For The Globe the actors owned shares so earned lots of money
      • The classes would interact
      • Some plays were supported by the Privy Council
      • The replica built in 1997 is very popular today
      • Theatre goers could buy refreshments like pies and socialise
      • Plays were popular and well attended
        • 15,000 visitors a week
        • 35 new plays a year
      • Very dramatic performances
        • Pigs bladders filled with blood to create battle scenes
        • Cannonballs rolled across stage to seem like thunder
      • This meant each class were exposed to the others lifestyle
    • Government censorship and control
      • After Essex's rebellion playwriters had to be careful what they wrote about
      • 1599: Archbishop banned any play being printed without his consent
      • Plays reflected ideas of the Great Chain of Being
        • Emphasized heirarchy
        • Order
        • Good over evil
      • Essex paid for a performance of Richard 2nd (about overthrowing a monarch) on day of his rebellion
      • 1574: London council bans all plays
      • 1596:All plays forced to move south of Thames
      • 1597: 'The Isle of Dogs' is banned for insulting Queen
      • All plays had to be checked by Master of Revel
      • 1572:actors not belonging to a patron will be treated as criminals
      • 1642: Under Puritan influence Globe is closed
    • Increase in wealth of Nobility and gentry
      • Shown in 3 tiered seating
        • "Galleries" for Gentry
        • "Lords Room" for Nobility
        • "Pit" for the poor
      • Phillip Henslow earned so much from The Rose he was able to build The Fortune
      • Being a Patron was a way to show how cultured you are as well as earn lots of profit
      • Richard Burbage became rich of his acting sucess
      • Companies were able to pay 'hirelings' a weekly wage
      • Encouraged by trend set by Elizabeth
      • Plays were tailored to them
        • Talked of relevant modern themes like exploration
      • Without them Theatre would not have been available for everyone
    • Religious tensions
      • Puritans criticized it for distracting from God
      • 1599: Archbishop of Canterbury bans all plays not approved by him
      • Henry bans medieval mystery plays for Roman Catholic origin
      • The Theatre land not renewed by Puritan Giles Allen
      • Religious play companies of young boys
        • Charged a higher fee
        • Covered playhouses
        • Chapel Children
      • 1642: Globe closed by Puritan influence
      • Protestants went to theatre after seeing Elizabeth's support
      • Plays reflected Great Chain of Being
      • Marlow questioned existance of God in plays
    • Cultural and educational developments
      • All social classes mix
        • Distracted from overcrowding and poverty
      • New culture emerged as it combined Shakespeare's philosophies and Marlow questioning religions
      • Plays had themes relevant to all audience
        • Learnt of the other classes lives
      • Provided poor with access to entertainment
      • Everyone began to accept actors, became celebrities
      • 15,000 visitors a week
      • People socialised
      • Changed public opinion
    • increased support for Elizibabeth
      • Themes reflected Elizabethan ideals eg patriotism
        • Richard 3rd
      • Elizabeth was a huge fan
        • Invited companies to perform at court
      • Patroned by Privy Council
      • Had own company Queens men
        • Sir Frances Walshingham
      • Ilse of Dogs destroyed for insulting her
      • Richard 2nd abdication scene removed
      • Patriots gained favour with Queen
      • After Essex rebellion, Queen watched Richard 3rd and decided his punishment
  • Essex paid to have Richard 3rd performed (a play about overthrowing a king) the night of his rebellion in 1601
    • Both were on a war in Ireland, succession and an uprising
    • Opposition
      • There were many pickpocketers
      • Medieval Mystery plays were perviosly banned by Henry 8th
      • Earthquake in 1580, Purians claimed it was Gods anger at theatre
      • Puritans felt it distracted people from God
      • Pit members called "groundlings" had to stand in very bad conditions
      • 1572 law: if an actor does not have a high up patron they are seen as a criminal
      • Large crowds increased risk of spreading disease
      • There were often drunken fights in the pit
      • 1574: The council of London bans all plays
      • 1593,1603,1608: all forced to close again due to plague
      • Owner of 'the Theatre' land, Giles Allen, refused to renew rent
      • 1597: Play called "Isle of Dogs" is destroyed for making fun of Queen
      • Plays had to be checked by the Master of Revel
      • The Globe was closed in 1642 under Puritan influence
  • Patrons earned lots of money from the theatre
    • Phillip Henslow earned so much off The Rose he built The Fortune
  • Elizabeth enjoyed and supported the theatre
    • This led to some Protestants trusting it
  • Plays were popular and well attended
    • 15,000 visitors a week
    • 35 new plays a year
  • Actors became well respected
    • For The Globe the actors owned shares so earned lots of money
  • Plays were written to relate to everyone
    • This meant each class were exposed to the others lifestyle
  • Very dramatic performances
    • Pigs bladders filled with blood to create battle scenes
    • Cannonballs rolled across stage to seem like thunder

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LockedDreams

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Really useful resource! Thank you :)

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