Health Psychology

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  • Created by: daryax
  • Created on: 21-01-18 21:58
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  • Health Psychology
    • theory of planned behaviour
      • intentions lead to behaviour
        • intentions are influenced by subjective norms, attitudes and behavioural control
      • criticisms
        • does not include social norms, past behaviours and routines, desire & self-identity (iresearchnet)
        • gap between intention and behaviour
        • assumes behaviour is conscious
        • doesn't propose how to change behaviours
      • Shukri, Jones & Conner (2014) - TPB variables predictor, past behaviour  physical activity but in UK, stress
    • health belief model
      • perceived threat, health motivation and response effectiveness
      • criticisms
        • doesn't include past behaviour, moral norms, desire and self-identity (iresearchnet)
        • assumes behaviours are conscious
        • relative importance of factors
        • social factors
    • biopsycho-social model
      • dynamic model - Lehman, David & Gruber (2017)
    • gate control theory - Melzack & Wall (1963)
    • job-control model - Karasek, 1979
    • stress-diathesis model - genetics no influence on effect of negative life events
    • personality can influence health
      • optimism - Scheir, Weintraub & Carver (1986)
      • hostility - Miller et al 1996 & low bp Gidron, Davidson & Bata (1999)
      • neuroticism - Costa & McCrae, 1987)
      • extraversion - Friedman & Booth-Kewley, 1
      • consientiousness - Bogg & Roberts (2004)
    • cognitive dissonance
      • some behaviours cause dissonance but are done consciously (Griffin, 2003)
      • self-integrity threatened
    • major theorists model (Fishbain et al., 2001)
      • finite variables: intentions skills and environmental constraints
        • intentions influenced by: adv/disadv, social pressure, self image, emotional reaction, self-efficacy
    • elaboration model - Petty & Cacippo, (1986)
    • stress
      • allostatic load
      • social readjustment rating sclale - Holmes & Rahe (1967)
      • transactional theory - Lazarus (1966(

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