Health And Social

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  • Health & Social
    • Life Stages
      • Infancy 0-2 years
        • Physical: development of fine and gross motor skilss
        • Intellectual: Communicate through smiles and noises. Say a few words by 18 moths old. They are also egocentric.
        • Emotional: Infants bond with those who care for them. They also form attachments with the main carers.
        • Social: Main relationships and interactions are with the parents, carers, brothers and sisters
      • Early Childhood 3-8 years old
        • Physical: Growth spurt happens between 5-7 years old. Better co-ordination and control
        • Intellectual: Learn to walk well and can understand numbers and colours. Understand right and wrong
        • Emotional: Children need emotional stability. Child's self-concept can be influenced by relationships
        • Social: Children want to play and understand sharing. They attend school and choose their own friends
      • Adolescence 9-18 years
        • Physical: Puberty occurs in males and females e.g. breasts develop, voice breaks.
        • Intellectual: Use imagination to solve problem and can think for themselves.
        • Emotional: Mood swings, sense of personal identity, self esteem and self image can be affected.
        • Social: Need to develop independence and it becomes important to fit in with a group.
      • Early Adulthood 19-45
        • Physical: physically mature and little growth happens
        • Intellectual: Getting a job and learning skills such as raising children finance and chores
        • Emotional: Adults experience different emotions including love, jealousy etc. Will behave in a mature manner.
        • Social: Adults leave home and develop new relationships (public and personal)
      • Middle Adulthood   46-65
        • Physical: Women experience menopause meaning they can no longer have children
        • Intellectual: As they age they find it harder to remember things . Continue learning new skills through work and hobbies.
        • Emotional: May experience a midlife crisis and have negative feelings towards children leaving home
        • Social: middle adulthood is a time when an individual is completely independent and can try new activities e.g. taking up a new hobby.
      • Later Adulthood  65+
        • Physical: Bodies start to change including grey hair, mobility becomes worse, hearing and sight becomes worse.
        • Intellectual: Reaction ties are slower and dementia could occur. May try new hobbies due to retirement.
        • Emotional: More likely to suffer from bereavement and grief. Feel positive due to spending more time with family. Feel negatively because they feel like a burden.
        • Social: Take up new hobbies and meet new people. Spend more time with grandchildren. Lose friends and family.
    • PIES
      • Physical
        • Diet
        • Exercise
        • Growth
      • Intellectual
        • learning
        • using your brain
      • Emotional
        • Feelings
      • Social
        • Meting people
    • Life Events & Sources Of Support
      • What Is A Life Event?
        • A life event is an event that happens during an individual's life. These can have a positive and negative effect on an individual's growth and development.
      • What Is An Expected Life Event?
        • Expected Life Events are things that are supposed to happen such as getting a job, going to school, marriage, birth retirement.
          • Effects Of These Events Happening
            • Physical: Healthy, enjoy doing exercise and no energy
            • Intellectual: Develop skills through work and learn a hobby.
            • Emotional: More confidence, happy and higher self esteem.
            • Social: Share interests, share secrets, go out together, same friends
        • What Is An Unexpected Life Event?
          • Unexpected life events are events that happen out of the blue. such as divorce, exclusion, jail, accident, losing your job
            • Effects Of These Events Happening
              • Physical: Lose weight, eat more or less, no energy, tired
              • Intellectual: Skills not being developed
              • Emotional: Depressed, angry, sad
              • Social: Lose contact with work colleagues, become lonely and isolated
      • Sources Of Support
        • What Are The 2 Types Of Support?
          • Formal: Professional people that get paid to help people e.g. doctors
            • What Can They Do To Help?
              • Physical: Prescribe medication and provide medical plans
              • Intellectual: Give advice and explain medical terms
              • Emotional: Provide Support
              • Social: Someone to talk to about their issues
          • Informal: People who do not get paid to help people e.g. family and friends
            • What Can They Do To Help?
              • Physical:   Help with household chores and help with cooking
              • Intellectual: Do puzzles together and share faith or reading the bible
              • Emotional: Give advice and offer support
              • Social: someone to talk to and go out with
    • Factors That Affect Growth And Development
      • Physical Factors
        • Diet
          • Physical: Become overweight/ underweight and have no energy
          • Intellectual: Learn about foods and concentrate better/worse
          • Emotional: Feel depressed/ happy and high/low confidence
          • Social: Lose or gain contact with friends
      • Economic Factors
        • Physical:  Cant afford healthy foods which causes obesity or anorexia
        • Intellectual: Unable to budget for food/or could go to a private school
        • Emotional: worry/stressed/happy/ depressed
        • Social:

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