Health and Social Unit 3

What is a hazard?
A hazard is something that could potentially harm someone or could cause an adverse effect on health.
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Manual Handling
Manual Handling is using the correct procedures when physically moving any load by lifting, putting down, pushing or pulling.
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What are the 9 different Types of hazards?
Environmental, Biological, Chemical, Psychological, Physical, Musculoskeletal, Working conditions, Working practices and Lack of security systems.
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Examples of environmental hazards.
Worn or damaged equipment, flooding can cause slip and trip hazards.
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Examples of biological hazards.
Medical or waste products not being disposed of following correct procedures, and poor levels of hygiene can result in the spread of infection and disease.
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Examples of chemical hazards.
Medicines and Cleaning materials/agents. (incorrect doses being administered or not labelled correctly cleaning agents).
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Examples of psychological hazards.
Stress and Fatigue caused due to long working hours or dealing with difficult residents.
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Examples of physical hazards.
Excessive loud noise at work, can lead to ringing in the ears or deafness. And radiation from when sterilising medical equipment.
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Examples of musculoskeletal hazards.
Manual handling of equipment and residents can lead to back injuries. And display screen equipment can lead to incorrect posture or eye strain.
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Examples of working conditions hazards.
Temperature issues, noise levels too high can have an impact on hearing and travelling long distances to get to work can cause stress and tiredness.
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Examples of working practices hazards.
Excessive working hours, can lead to lack of concentration and tiredness leading to mistakes being made. And lack of supervision/training.
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Examples of lack of security system hazards.
Not having door locks, alarm systems and monitoring of visitors all prevent unauthorised access by strangers and intruders who may pose a threat to the individuals in care.
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Who can hazards have an impact on?
Hazards can impact everyone who uses a care setting. This includes employees, the employer and individuals who require care or support.
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What is MRSA?
MRSA is a serious bacterial infection that can spread quickly in settings such as, hospitals where people are vulnerable because of open wounds and weakened immune systems.
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What are the 4 Potential Impacts of hazards?
Injury or harm, Illness, Financial loss and Poor standards of care
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Injury or harm.
Impacts of hazards can result in injury or harm such as, back injuries, chemical burns, deafness or cuts and bruises.
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Illness can be an impact from hazards, this can be headaches, food poisoning, infections, high blood pressure and mental health issues.
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Poor Standards of Care.
Poor standards of care can be caused by employees who are exhausted, tired and have a lack of concentration. And the impacts of poor standards of care on individuals can lead to bed sores, bruising due to poor handling etc.
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Financial Loss.
The impacts of hazards can result in financial loss due to, loss of earnings due to time of work to recover from an injury or compensation being received.
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What is Intentional abuse?
This type of abuse is deliberate. And examples include theft, verbal abuse, sexual abuse and physical abuse.
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What is meant by Unintentional abuse?
This type of abuse can be caused by careless approaches to tasks or by a lack of training to do a task correctly.
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What is cross-contamination?
Cross-contamination is when bacteria spread on to food from another source.
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What are the possible effects for the abusers of abuse.
This could be anything from having to attend training or be re-trained to disciplinary actions or dismissal.
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What might those who have been abused experience?
Feelings of anxiety, disempowerment, health deterioration and loss of trust and confidence.
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Give 2 examples of Child care environments.
Childminders and nurseries.
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What is legislation?
Legislation is a collection of laws passed by parliament which everyone is entitled to.
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Health and Safety at Work Act (1974)
It was establised by the Health and Safety Executive, as a regulator for health and safety it is there responsibility to monitor and carry out investigations if accidents occur. The act provides guidance and advice on how to minimise risks.
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Key Aspects of the Heath and Safety at Work Act.
The working environment must not put anyone at risk, The equipment provided must be safe and in good working order and A written health and safety policy should be provided.
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What is a risk?
A risk is the likelihood that someone or something could be harmed.
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Management of Health and Safety at work Regulations (1999)
This act places duties both on employers and employees to carry out and implement risk assessments. And it also requires employers to provide information, training and supervision so that work activities are carried out safety.
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What is a risk assessment?
A risk assessment is the process of evaluating the likelihood of a hazard actually causing harm.
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What are control measures?
Control measures are actions that can be taken to reduce the risks posed by a hazard or to remove the hazard altogether.
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The Food Safety Act (1990)
This act states that good personal hygiene must be maintained when working with food so that it is safe to eat. It also requires that records are kept of where food is from so it can be traced if needed and that any unsafe food is removed.
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The Food Safety Regulations (1992)
This act require that food safety hazards are identified, that safety controls must be in place and that cross-contamination is minimised.
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Why is handwashing essential?
Anyone that works with food should wash their hands before handling it in a particular way. As this helps to prevent harmful bacteria from spreading from people's hands to food and work surfaces.
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Manual Handling Operations Regulations (1992)
This act requires that employers avoid hazardous manual handling tasks where possible and asses those that cannot be avoided. And it states that training must be provided for anyone who needs to carry out manual handling as part of their job.
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Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences Regulations (2013)
This act requires that all work-related injuries, accidents and ill-health is reported and recorded. It states that a written record of the incident should be kept for future reference.
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What is meant by 'Statutory duty'?
This is an obligation required by law. Something that has to be done.
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The Data Protection Act (1998)
The purpose of this act is to protect the security of personal information. It states that only accurate and up to date data should be stored for only the purposes it was intended for. And that it should not be kept for longer than necessary.
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The Civil Contingencies Act (2004)
This act sets out how organisations must work together to plan and respond to local and national emergencies. The act requires organisations to have undertaken risk assessments and have contingency plans in place.
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Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (2002)
This requires employers to either prevent or reduce their workers' exposure to substances that are hazardous to their health. It states that hazordous substances must be stored, labelled and disposed of correctly.
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What is meant by safeguarding?
Safeguarding means the measure taken to protect people's health, well being and rights, enabling them to be kept safe from harm, abuse and neglect.
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Give an example of someone who is more at risk of abuse and maltreatment.
Someone with a learning disability, or have sensory impairment (deaf, blind)
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What does DBS stand for?
Disclosure and Barring service checks ensure that individuals are safe to work or volunteer with vulnerable adults and children.
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Whats the 'Barred List'?
The 'barred list' is a list of individuals who are on record as being unsuitable for working with children or vulnerable adults.
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Why are policies and procedures implemented?
Having effective controls in place protects workers from workplace hazards. They help avoid injuries, illness and incidents, minimise or eliminate safety and health risks, and help employers provide workers with safe and healthy working conditions.
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What is Asbestos?
Asbestos can be found in any buildings built before the year 2000. When materials that contain it get disturbed or damaged, the fibres are released into the air and when inhaled can cause serious diseases.
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What are Lone Workers?
Lone Workers are individuals who work in the community in a separate location to their team or manager. Eg. social workers, home tutors.
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List some security procedures.
Staff wearing ID lanyards, staffed reception desk, CCTV in operation, Issuing visitor badges and having electronic pin code entry to places.
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Why should policies and procedures be reviewed regularly?
They should be reviewed to ensure that they reflect any changes in legislation, so that they are kept up-to-date and to amend them in the light of experience.
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What is the difference between a policy and procedure?
A policy is a statement or plan that outlines the policy purpose. Whereas procedures provide a step-by-step guide for how to complete a task or implement a policy.
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What are the consequences of not meeting responsibilities?
Direct (sued) and indirect (poor reputation) costs, disciplinary action and it could put other at risk to harm.
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What are the responsibilities of a first aider?
THREE P'S. Preserve life, Prevent further injury and promote recovery.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Manual Handling is using the correct procedures when physically moving any load by lifting, putting down, pushing or pulling.


Manual Handling

Card 3


Environmental, Biological, Chemical, Psychological, Physical, Musculoskeletal, Working conditions, Working practices and Lack of security systems.


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Worn or damaged equipment, flooding can cause slip and trip hazards.


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Medical or waste products not being disposed of following correct procedures, and poor levels of hygiene can result in the spread of infection and disease.


Preview of the back of card 5
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