Gorbachev and the end of the cold war

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  • Created by: sammilaw
  • Created on: 02-03-14 15:25
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  • Gorbachev and the end of the Cold War
    • Gorbachev
      • He was the last Soviet leader from 1985-1991(collapse of USSR).
      • He had hoped to be the saviour of Communism.
      • Oversaw the end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of Communism in Russia.
    • Chernobyl Crisis - April 1986
      • The nuclear reactor in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine exploded.
      • Gorbachev authorised a cover story that denied there had been a release of dangerous radiation.
      • The Western media were unconvinced.
        • They put pressure on Gorbachev to tell the truth about the scale of the disaster.
      • Chernobyl became an international symbol of the crisis in Soviet Communism.
    • Gorbachev's 'new thinking'
      • Communism in Russia faced many problems
        • The Soviet economy was not as efficient as the American economy.
          • Everyday life in Russia was dominated by shortages i.e. in food.
        • Many of the Soviet people had lost faith in Communism.
      • Gorbachev's plan for reviving Communism
        • Perestroika
          • (Restructuring) - economic reforms designed to make the Soviet economy more efficient.
        • Glasnost
          • (Openess) - censorship of the press was to be relaxed.
        • Gorbachev believed Perestroika and Glasnost would strengthen the power of the Communist Party.


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