God's Omnibenevolence

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  • God's omnibenevolence
    • When talking about omnibenevolence God cannot just be good, he is PERFECTLY good [catholic view]
    • Swinburne uses an analogy of God to parent = "sometimes a parent punishes the wicked and rewards to good"
    • HELL IS INCOMPATIBLE WITH OMNIBENEVOLENCE
    • If God knows we will do bad, is it right for him to punish us? [free will]
      • HELL IS INCOMPATIBLE WITH OMNIBENEVOLENCE
    • EPICURUS = "Is God willing to prevent evil but not able? Then he is not omnipotent. Is he able but not willing? Then he is malevolent. Is he both able and willing? Then whence cometh evil. Is he neither able nor willing? Then why call him God?"
    • The problem of evil
      • EPICURUS = "Is God willing to prevent evil but not able? Then he is not omnipotent. Is he able but not willing? Then he is malevolent. Is he both able and willing? Then whence cometh evil. Is he neither able nor willing? Then why call him God?"
    • For some thinkers, goodness is part of the nature of God and it is logically impossible for God to do evil
    • The euthyphro dilemma
    • The idea of God punishing and rewarding is well established in theistic faiths - for example, christians believe you are ultimately rewarded in heaven or punished in hell
      • The concept of omniscience brings further issues as if God knows what our actions will be, it does not seem fair for him to judge
    • Anselm would hold the view that God is morally perfect as if he wasnt, he would not be "that than which nothing greater can be thought"

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