Flow Chart of Aerobic Respiration

Flow chart of respiration

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  • Glycogen Store (Liver)
    • Glucose (6C)
      • 2x Intermediate compounds (GALP) (3C)
        • 2 x Pyruvate (3C) (Pyruvic acid)
          • Acetyl CoA. (2C)
            • Carbon  intermediate compound (6C)
              • CO2
              • Carbon intermediate compound (5C)
                • Carbon Intermediate compound (4C)
                  • 4 Carbon acceptor molecule
                    • Acetyl CoA. (2C)
                      • Carbon  intermediate compound (6C)
                        • CO2
                        • Carbon intermediate compound (5C)
                          • Carbon Intermediate compound (4C)
                            • 4 Carbon acceptor molecule
                            • CO2
                  • CO2
            • 2H
              • NAD ---> NADH
            • CO2
    • Glucose is Unreactive - Good for storage & Transport
    • 2x ATP
      • 2x ADP
    • 2x ADP
    • Pi is bonded to the intermediate compound
    • Phosphoralated
    • Intermediate  = inbetween product and start molecule
      • 2x Intermediate compounds (GALP) (3C)
        • 2 x Pyruvate (3C) (Pyruvic acid)
          • 2H
            • NAD ---> NADH
          • CO2
    • 4x ATP + 2x Pi
      • 4x ATP
        • 2 ATP as product because process began with 2 ATP
      • Intermediate compound already has 2x Pi from before, therefore only 2 more Pi is required.
    • 2x H2 + 2x NAD
      • 2x NADH
        • (Substrate Level Phosphoralation)
        • Goes to electron transport chain
    • Intermediate compounds are oxydised
    • Respiration
    • Glycolysis
      • Splitting of glucose
    • Key
    • Annotations - Extra information for understanding
    • Glycolysis
    • Link Reation
    • Dehydrogenated
    • Decarboxylated
    • Link Reaction
    • ---->
    • NAD ---> NADH
    • NAD --->
    • NADH
      • NAD --->
    • ADP + Pi --->
      • ATP
    • Substrate Level Phosphoralation
    • FAD --> FADH
    • NAD --> NADH
    • 2x ATP produced in the krebs cycle
    • 4 ATP's made from 1 glucose so far...
    • Krebs Cycle
      • Matrix of  Mitchondria
    • Krebs cycle
    • Each glucose provides  2 pyruvates, so the cycle turns twice per glucose
    • Electron Transport Chain
      • Cristae
    • 1. H is split into H and e-
      • 2. e- passes from one electron carrier molecule to another.
        • Redox Reaction
        • 3.Electron carrier molecules are at successively lower energy levels .
          • 4. As electron is passed down the chain, energy is released, and used to actively pump H from the matrix to the intermembrame space.
            • Activly = Active transport
            • 5. H accumalate causing electrochemical gradient. High H concentrationin intermembrane space.
              • 6. H diffuse  into matrix through stalked particle.
                • Stalked particle contains ATPase
                • 7. As H passes through, ATPase catalyses the synthesis of ATP from ADP +Pi.
                  • 8. Final carrier in chain transfers the electrons to O. O picks up  2 x H and 2x e- to produce H2O.
    • Oxidative phosphoralation - ATP is phosphoralated in a process depending on Oxygen
    • Electron Transport Chain

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