Globalisation

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  • Created by: C.P.
  • Created on: 10-04-13 09:39
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  • GLOBALISATION
    • LOCALISIED INDUSTRIAL REGIONS -  MOTOR SPORT VALLEY
      • WHY IT HAS DEVOLOPED INTO MOTORING CENTRE FOR THE WORLD
        • Manufactures use the internet to send and recieve messages about the cars from anywhere in the world.
        • People can easily fly into the area.
      • FACTS
        • Near silverstone - allows for easy testing.
        • UK Economy £6 billion per year
        • 8/12 F1 Teams are located there.
        • 25,000 People employed there.
        • 80% of the worlds high peformance enginering takes place here.
        • Universties are near so people are educated.
      • A cluster of motorsport companies.
    • WIND POWER - LAMBRIGG
      • DIS-ADS
        • Visual pollution
        • If the wind dosent blow then no electricity will be generated
        • They are noisy
        • Not as effiecnt as other sources : 7000 turbines = 1 nuclear reactor- 20,00 = 20% of Uk's total energy
        • Disrupts radio communications.
      • ADS
        • Winds are stronger in winter and winter is peak usage of electricity
        • Minimal effect on ecosystems
        • Clean and dosent produce any emissions
        • Maintenance is cheap
    • DEVOLPMENTS IN GLOBAL COMUNICATIONS - SEA-ME-WE
      • WHAT THEY ALLOW US TO DO
        • More people comunicating easier means more globalisation.
        • Greater effiency for business as there is no loss of time.
        • A company with its headquaters in one country can easily comunicate with its factories in other countries.
      • FACTS
        • 18000KM in length and spreads across Europe, Middle East and South East Asia
        • SEA ME WE 4 - Was devoloped by 16 telecomunication companies .
        • Designed to meet demand of countries with growing economies
        • SEA ME WE 3 - Extended the original area
        • It was devolped during the 1980's
        • Likns Europe to the far East and Austrailia
        • 39,ooo km in length
        • SEA ME WE - links South East Asia, Middle East and Western Europe
    • NIC - CHINA
      • FACTS
        • Thir largest economy in the world after Japan and USA.
        • Chinas total GDP from agriculture fell from 30% in 1978 to 15% in 2004
        • 1978 - 4000 TV'S / 2004 - 75 million  TV'S
      • REASONS FOR GROWTH
        • One child policy meant Chinese families had more money so the spent more on goods boosting the economy.
        • Cheap labour -  minimum wage in beiging is £70 per month whereas the UK is £990 per month
        • Long working hours - chinese law states maximum working hours are 40 per week but foxconn said some workers were working 80 hours overtime per month to maximise production.
        • Strikes are prohibited - workers can go on strike but the ACFTU stops them in order to maximise production.
          • All-China-Federation-Of-Trade-Unions
        • Lower health and safety regulations - theyre not enforce EG factory wokers having tratment for mercury poisoining despite strict laws - not enforced
        • The 2008 olympics were a chance to showcase China and make it attractive for business to operate there.
        • Three Gorges Dam is the biggest HEP power station in the world generating 22,500 mega watts of energy. This means it has enough energy to maintain its growth.
    • TNC - NIKE
      • ADS
        • New equipment means workers will become more specialised
        • Creates jobs in the area
        • Increased income of workers can lead to bying of more cosnsumer goods - multiplier effect
        • Encourage improvemtns in the area EG airports or improving roads.
      • DIS-ADS
        • Can destroy the enviroment EG BP oil spill - 16,000 miles of coastline affected - over 1,000 animals dead including endangered ones.
        • No control on pollution caused enviromental disasters EG Union Carbide Bhopal - 2,500 diead as a result of negligence becuase of an explosion at a factory.
        • Low wages and poor working enviroment EG Nike -  getting paid a dollar a day and working 36 hour shifts
      • FACTS
        • Mrket proximity isnt important , labour costs are more important
        • Production in East and South East Asia - take advantage of low labour costs -  materials are supplied from Taiwan and South Korea
        • Europe is its second biggest consumer but no production takes place here.
        • Hq in the USA
        • 50% of Nikes customer are from USA
      • MULTIPILIER EFFECT - money earned from workers can lead to the improvment of the country it self
      • LEAKAGE - Where the money earned by companies dosent go to the workers and goes back to the country of origin not helping the country.

Comments

Mr A Gibson

Report

Really detailed for a mind map but it does not lose clarity or usefulness. Some good examples weaved into the structure too. This would be a good one to print off and revise from.

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