Weimar Germany 1920s Key idea 1

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  • Created by: lauren
  • Created on: 07-01-14 17:30
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  • Germany KI1: Weimar Germany 1920s
    • Consequences of WW1
      • Had to pay £6.6million reparations
        • Lost land as mandates 13.5% of territory lost
          • Military restricted to 100,000 men
            • Forced to accept war guilt clause 231
              • Forced to sign the TOV 28/6/1919 : "November criminals". "stabbed in the back"
                • Demilitarisation of the Rhineland
                  • Kaiser forced to abdicate
      • Industrial output fell by 40% 1914-1918
        • 35% of all trade was organised through the black market
        • Women had more important roles- risen to 37% in work
          • Political impacts: food shortages.
    • Ebert 1st President of Weimar. democratic gov, replaces monarchy. Berlin too violent.
    • Ruhr Uprising
      • April 1920
      • left wing workers revolt in the Ruhr region of Germany.
      • creating RED ARMY and seizing public buildings as a result of the Kapp Putsch
        • Freikorps + army launched a full scare offence against Red army + crushed it
          • By 20th March, controlled most of the Ruhr- formed an army of about 80,000 men
        • Ruhr was a heavy industrial region. after timber not delivered in time, french took action.
  • Weimar Constitution
    • Coalitions
    • Germany KI1: Weimar Germany 1920s
      • Consequences of WW1
        • Had to pay £6.6million reparations
          • Lost land as mandates 13.5% of territory lost
            • Military restricted to 100,000 men
              • Forced to accept war guilt clause 231
                • Forced to sign the TOV 28/6/1919 : "November criminals". "stabbed in the back"
                  • Demilitarisation of the Rhineland
                    • Kaiser forced to abdicate
        • Industrial output fell by 40% 1914-1918
          • 35% of all trade was organised through the black market
          • Women had more important roles- risen to 37% in work
            • Political impacts: food shortages.
      • Ebert 1st President of Weimar. democratic gov, replaces monarchy. Berlin too violent.
      • Ruhr Uprising
        • April 1920
        • left wing workers revolt in the Ruhr region of Germany.
        • creating RED ARMY and seizing public buildings as a result of the Kapp Putsch
          • Freikorps + army launched a full scare offence against Red army + crushed it
            • By 20th March, controlled most of the Ruhr- formed an army of about 80,000 men
          • Ruhr was a heavy industrial region. after timber not delivered in time, french took action.
  • Kapp Putsch
    • March 1920
    • Wolfgang Kapp, Freidlich Ebert and General Luttwitz tried to overthrow weimar gov + stop the reduction of army taking place under the forced disbandments
      • Freikorps resisted disbandments under TOV
        • F: General strike by the working class.
          • Successful in Bavaria
  • Munich Putsch
    • Nov 1923
    • Hitler, SA, Kahr, Losson at the Beer Hall Munich
    • aimed to take over Munich in a revolution
    • Kahr wanted to bring national right wing together to form powerful elite of war.
      • Failed because Hitler tried to force Kahr into supporting it
        • Hitler seen as a national hero and this was the foundation for his future success

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