gender differences

done in note form

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • gender differences
    • are doing crime
      • chivarly thesis
        • pol let women off - pol/ courts = men
          • raised to be nice to
          • Pollack - men don't want to accuse women
        • self-rep studies
          • > women do crime
        • Floodpage - women who admitted to crime - < likely to be charged
        • EVAL
          • women who do serious crime are not treated leniently
          • courts treat women > harshly for deviating f/ gender role
      • Liberationist theory
        • changing role of women = > opp for crime
        • Adler - increasing female crime - < control by men
          • > indep/ look hard (ladette)
          • > women in w.c.c. - fraud
        • Westwood - identities reconstructed - no longer trad roles
        • EVAL
          • female crime rise in 50s before womens liberation
          • mostly w/c - not been hit w/ lib
    • are not doing crime
      • Control theory
        • Heidensohn - women conform - cont by pat soc - < opps to offend
          • gender exp = housewife
        • McRobbie - daughters monitored (bedroom culture)
        • stay @ home - fear of bad rep
        • EVAL
          • indep - gort careers
          • less fear - ladette
          • greater sexual freedom
      • sex-role theory
        • socialisation gender role - girls don't devel dev v's - crime = extension of roles
        • girls follow fem role model - caring/ gentle
        • EVAL
          • Walklate - too much biological assumption that women are caring etc
      • masculinity & crime
        • masc = social construct - c&d = resources - men have to work at displaying it - alpha male
        • black w/c youth = < chance of ed success - gangs = expression
        • EVAL
          • doesn't expain why men use crime for masc
          • doens't explain all male crime - only black youth
      • social control
        • boys have < control than girls - > freedom - > opps to commit crime 'on street'
        • EVAL
          • lots of girls don't care about bad rep
      • crime as enjoyable
        • Katz - pleasure - links to status & cont over others & success
          • different crimes mean different things (sneaky thrills = shoplift)
            • robbery is much what is masculine - links to Millers smartness - 'got on over'
        • EVAL
          • only explains youth crime
      • Gender socialisation
        • Parsons - rej f/ gender role in nuc fam
          • boys raised to be active/ aggressive
          • boys role model = breadwinner - outside home
        • Cohen - lack of male role model - boys turn to street gangs for masc - toughness (Miller)
        • Murray (New Right) - absence of father fig -boys turn to gangs
        • EVAL
          • want to be good role model for siblings so don't do crime
          • mother = role model

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Crime and deviance resources »