Biolgoical Approach - Gender Difference

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  • Created by: chapa
  • Created on: 22-05-13 06:43
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  • Gender Development - Biological
    • Explanation
      • Gender differences are due to genetic and innate factors
        • Hormonal
        • Genetic (chormosomal)
        • Brain structure
    • Sex chomosomes
      • Chromosomal abnormalities can affect our behaviour
        • Affects behaviours related to gender
          • Shows strong association between gender and chromosomes
        • Turner's syndrome
          • Identify themselves as female
          • XO
          • Higher than average verbal ability
          • No ovaries
          • Lack of maturation at puberty
    • Hormones
      • Testosterone
        • Linked to aggression
          • Dabbs et al
        • Different levels in men and women
          • Can explain differences in gender related behaviour
      • Oxytocin
        • Happy hormone
          • Lots in especially after childbirth
            • Women being seen as more caring, sensitive
      • Oestrogen
        • Linked to  better health in women
        • Mostly found in women
      • Hormones alter brain activity
  • Lower than average spatial ability, visual memory and math ability
    • Turner's syndrome
      • Identify themselves as female
      • XO
      • Higher than average verbal ability
      • No ovaries
      • Lack of maturation at puberty
  • Klinefelter's
    • Chromosomal abnormalities can affect our behaviour
      • Affects behaviours related to gender
        • Shows strong association between gender and chromosomes
    • XXY
    • Lack of interest in sexual activity
    • Passive, shy
    • poor language and reading skills
    • Higher gender-identity confusion
  • Happy hormone
    • Lots in especially after childbirth
      • Women being seen as more caring, sensitive

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