Audiences summary

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  • Created by: sophie97x
  • Created on: 09-12-14 21:53
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  • Forms
    • Mise-en-scene
      • Setting
        • Including scenery, props, furniture and other set dressings
      • Costume and Makeup
      • Lighting
        • Intensity, source, colour and direction
      • Figure, expression and movement
    • Semiotics
      • Roland Barthes in 1960 (decade of discovery and development of Television)
        • Communication Process
          • Sender (institution who constructs the idea)
            • Encodes (Medium e.g. film encodes what is sent by institution)
              • Message (the perception they want you to have and understand)
                • Receiver (Audience)
                  • Decodes (Your interpretation may be interpreted differently to what the sender wanted)
          • Signifier and SIgnified
            • Signifier - the physical object
            • Signified - the mental concept or the meaning that the signifiers convey
            • Signifier + signified = sign
      • Types of SIgns
        • Iconic sign - looks like what it represents
        • Indexical sign - points to what it represents
        • Symbolic sign - chosen at random to represent something of association
    • Theories
      • Todorov's equilibrium theory
        • 5 stages of narrative. 1. state of equilibrium, 2. disruption to that order by an event, 3. a recognition that the disorder has occurred, 4. an attempt to repair damage, 5. a return/restoration of NEW equilibrium
      • Propp's Spheres of Action
        • Argued fairy tales were constructed of certain plot elements (which he called functions) and these elements occurred in uniform sequence.
          • villain, hero, donor, helper, princess, her father, dispatcher, false hero
      • Levi-strauss' Binary Oppositions
        • Introduced notion of binary opposition as a useful way to consider the production of meanings within narratives
        • He argued all construction of meaning was dependent, to some degree, on oppositions (e.g. east vs west, good vs evil, love vs hate, truth vs deception)
  • Sender (institution who constructs the idea)
    • Encodes (Medium e.g. film encodes what is sent by institution)
      • Message (the perception they want you to have and understand)
        • Receiver (Audience)
          • Decodes (Your interpretation may be interpreted differently to what the sender wanted)

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