Case Study: Famine in Ethiopia

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  • Created by: crissyd
  • Created on: 21-03-15 17:21
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  • Famine In Ethiopia
    • Causes
      • combination of natural events and human mismanagement
      • lack of access to food, rather than lack of food itself
      • Droughts - soil moisture levels won't be right for certain plants
        • problem for towns dependent on agriculture
      • Population increase greater than food production rate
        • Refugees fleeing the civil war
      • Price of food/ animals increases
        • Quality of land decreases or breakdown in the local economy
        • Panic buying leads to shortages of basic foods
    • When?
      • 1984-85 -Initial famines due to civil war and drought
      • 2000 - occurred again due to drought
    • Responses
      • Initially, non-government organisations such as Oxfam provided aid - then international governments became involved
      • Live Aid was hugely successful in providing awareness and money for the famine
      • Early warning system was set up to predict poor rainfall conditions
      • Government held 350,000 tonnes of food until 2000 famine when it dropped to 50,000 and hasn't been replaced
    • Impact
      • 1 million were killed in both famines
      • 1984 - 1 person killed every 20 minutes due to undernourishment
      • 2000 - severe drought affected 43% of the population
      • 2000 - 95% of livestock  either died due to the drought or were killed for emergency food
      • conditions in refugee camps and malnourishment lead to spread of diseases such as TB


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