AQA AS Geography Health: Diseases of Poverty

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: LucySPG
  • Created on: 22-08-13 19:38
Preview of AQA AS Geography Health: Diseases of Poverty

First 92 words of the document:

Diseases of Poverty
The Global Distribution of Poverty
Poverty The state of having little or no money or no material possessions
and having no access to basic necessities
Famine A severe shortage of food resulting in widespread hunger,
malnutrition, starvation and death
Malnutrition A dietary deficiency
The quantity of calories consumed every day is too low
Can also be because certain nutrients are absent.
· It lowers immunity levels, increasing chance of disease.
· May lead to anemia or beriberi

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Famine is a severe shortage of food resulting in widespread hunger,
malnutrition, starvation and death.
Most famines result from a combination of natural events and human mismanagement.
Some authorities refer to famine as a decline in the access to food rather than there not
being enough food.
Famines are not always widespread. They can be localised and can affect only one group of
social class.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Causes of Famine
Drought Lack of rainfall causes soil and groundwater
sources to decline, which ultimately leads to
a reduction in the supply of water.
The soil moisture will not meet the needs of
particular plants and agriculture crops,
creating serious problems for areas that
depend on farming, both arable and
Population increase When a population increases to a size
greater than the rate of crop production.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Solutions to Famine
Famine relief is a short-term aid that takes the form of distributing food.
It is usually carried out by a combination of non-governmental organisations e.g. Oxfam,
Red Cross and Save the Children and government.
Much of this aid is temporary in nature. It is usually given with caution because it could
result in over dependency by the receiving country and might damage the local agricultural
economy.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Malnutrition includes:
Having too much food = over-nutrition
Not having enough food = under-nutrition
Over the years there has been an emergence of a global obesity pandemic.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Case Study: Mexico
In 1989, fewer than 10% of Mexican adults were considered to be overweight.
But, by 2008, that figure had risen to 71% of women and 66% of men.
Mexican children are also following the trend, with more than 25% now thought to be
overweight ­ an increase of 40% since 2000.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

In 2009, the UN's Food and Agricultural Organisation identified that about 1.02 billion people were
suffering from under-nutrition worldwide.
The highest proportion of undernourished people ­ as a percentage of the population ­ lives in sub-
Saharan Africa.
However, in actual number terms, most hungry people live in Asia ­ where China, India, Pakistan
and Bangladesh account most of the world total.
This is because the populations of these Asian countries are so much larger than those in Africa.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

The Cycle of Deprivation
Many people in Ethiopia are subsistence farmers - they only grow enough for their own
families and do not sell any.
Many people are not able to buy their own food when their crops fail as they have no
Over 60% of the population live on less than a $1 a day.
Due to the unreliability of rainfall and the poor income of the country this puts the people of
the country into a vicious cycle of deprivation.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Breaking the poverty Cycle:
Improvements in farming productivity
Development of irrigation so it is affordable and manageable by people in rural
Improve marketing so that food can be distributed efficiently to increase farmers'
income and to improve food security
Incentives to encourage farmers to invest in surpluses in improving agriculture
Improved childcare to reduce the infant mortality rate
Inoculation and immunisation programmes
Improved hygiene to reduce the risk of transmission of infections
Simple rehydration medicines to reduce deaths from gastrointestinal infections
Access to birth…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

Case Study: Ethiopia
In 2009, millions of Ethiopians faced the threat of undernourishment ­ and possibly
starvation ­ as the country faced its worst food crisis for decades.
The number of Ethiopians who needed emergency food aid rose steadily throughout the
year ­ from 4.9 million in January to 5.3 million in May and 6.2 million in June.
Another 7.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »