Case Study- Eyjafjallajokull (Iceland) MEDC

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  • Created by: EMBROWN23
  • Created on: 12-12-15 15:49
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  • Eyjafjallajokull (Iceland)
    • Location and when it occured
      • Iceland
      • 19th April 2010
    • What happend
      • A fissure eruption occured, with lava flows on the east and west side.
      • Large amounts of volcanic ash and an ash plume was released.
    • Primary effects
      • The ash plume reached 11,000M in the air
      • The ash was distributed by high velocity jett streams above Iceland.
      • The 150m thcik ice cap melted, this caused major flooding annd 700 people had to be evacuated.
      • Parts of the main roads were destroyed and flash flood water bulldozed trhough other roads.
      • Fine ash silted the rivers, this caused them to become blocked.
      • 20 farms were destroyed due to floods and ash
      • Crops were damged by heavy ash fall and local water supplies became contaminated with fluoride from the ash.
    • Secondary effects
      • Airspace in Europe was closed for 6 days. Overall around 95,000 flights were cancelled.
      • It cost airlines over $200 million a day and around $2 billion was lost over all.
      • Shares in air travel and tourism agenices fell by 4%
      • A loss occured in the oil indusrty as 1.87 million barrels of oil were not used.
      • London lost around £102 million in tourist income, this had a knock on effect for workers travelling and businesses.
    • How they managed it
      • As the first small euption started on the 20th March they had time to prepare.
      • High tech equipment was used to predict further erutpions.
      • They had a good early warning system with texts being sent with 30 minute warnings.
      • Emergency services were well prepared
    • Immediate reponses
      • They used high tech equipment to predict further eruptions.
      • They used a warning system which sent out texts with 30 minute warnings.
      • The emergency services were well prepared
      • Evacuatuon of local peole took place including 700 people who lived near the ice cap which melted.
    • Long term responses
      • Research was done on the effects of ashg on aircrafts
      • Roads were rebuilt
      • Local flood defences were reconstructed

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