CASE STUDY: EYJAFJNALLAJOKULL, ICELAND

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CASE STUDY: EYJAFJALLAJOKULL ERUPTION, ICELAND. 

Location:

  • The volcano is on the island of Iceland, which is part of Europe and situated immediately South of the Artic circle. 
  • Located on the North American plate (moving west)
  • Move apart between 2-5cm per year.
  • The famous mid atlantic ridge runs through the island. 
  • South east to Reykjavik (Iceland's capital)

Facts:

  • 15th April, 2010.
  • The caldera at the top of the volcano was 2.5km wide.
  • The volcano is nearly 2,000m tall.
  • The volcano is sub-glacial.
  • Began to erupt on the 20th March, though main eruption was the 19th April.
  • It was a fissure eruption, lava flow more dominant in the west.
  • An ash plume, 11,000m into the air resulted from eruption.
  • Ash was distributed by high velocity jet streams above Iceland.

Causes:

  • Iceland is located on

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