Ethical Theories

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  • Ethical Theories
    • Relativism
      • A moral judgement that considers circumstances in relativist.
        • Relativist = A moral judgement that depends on the circumstances, there is no universal right or wrong.
      • Strengths.
        • - It is flexible.
        • - It focuses on people.
        • - It lets people take responsibility.
      • Weaknesses
        • - It is more difficult to apply than absolutism.
        • - Does not always let society progress, (Genocide is always wrong)
        • - People might not agree on a certain judgement
        • - Judgement that is always subjective.
          • Subjective = judgements that are based on personal opinions and not fixed rules.
    • Absolutism
      • A moral judgment that relies on a fixed truth is absolutist.
        • Absolutist = a rule that is true in all situations.
      • Strengths.
        • - Universal code to measure everything against.
        • - UN declaration of human rights.
        • - Easier to apply than relativism.
      • Weaknesses
        • - Does not consider any different circumstances.
        • - Is not concerned with the outcomes of actions.
  • - Judgement that is always subjective.
    • Subjective = judgements that are based on personal opinions and not fixed rules.

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