Environmental Ethics so Far.. theories etc

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 22-01-14 14:28
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  • Environmental ethics
    • What is it?
      • The ethical relationship between people and the natural world and the kind of decisions people have to make about the environment.
    • Religious views
      • Christianity and Gensis
        • Day 1: Light, Day 2: Water & Sky, Day 3: Land, Plants and Trees, Day 4: Sun, Moon and Stars, Day 5: Fish and Birds, Day 6: Beasts and Man, Day 7: God rested.
          • Christians believe that parts of this act of limitless love is the creation of humans who represent the pinnacle of God's love. Humans are special, set apart from other creatures, because they are created in the image of God.
      • Dominion
        • Dominion brings with it responsibility. Christians believe they have a 'duty of care' for the environment because God created it for them.
      • Stewardship
        • This is the term Christians use to express the idea that God has put humans in charge of the earth, and that we therefore have an obligation to look after it.
      • Intrinsic and instrumental value
        • Intrinsic = Value within itself
        • Instrumental = value because God created in especially to sustain human life and we are the ones who are sacred
    • Secular (non religious)
      • Shallow Ecology (Conservationism)
        • Environments importance is related to its usefulness in humanity.
          • Intstrumental value: Belief that something is only valuable because of its importance to something else.
          • Anthropocentric: The belief that humanity is central and more important
          • Intrinsic value: Belief that something is valuable in itself. Humans have this and their interests should be protected at the expense of other non-human entities.
      • Libertarianism
        • The belief that all life forms have intrinsic value.
          • Ecosophy: The idea that all living things, whether humans, animals or plants, have rights.
      • The Giai Hypothesis
        • James Lovelock - scientist
          • Gaia: Comes from the Greek Goddess of the earth, who was believed to be intrinsically part of the planet
          • Symbolism: The mutually beneficial relationship between two things where they are dependent on eachother.
  • What is it?
    • The ethical relationship between people and the natural world and the kind of decisions people have to make about the environment.
  • Christianity and Gensis
    • Day 1: Light, Day 2: Water & Sky, Day 3: Land, Plants and Trees, Day 4: Sun, Moon and Stars, Day 5: Fish and Birds, Day 6: Beasts and Man, Day 7: God rested.
      • Christians believe that parts of this act of limitless love is the creation of humans who represent the pinnacle of God's love. Humans are special, set apart from other creatures, because they are created in the image of God.
  • Dominion brings with it responsibility. Christians believe they have a 'duty of care' for the environment because God created it for them.
  • This is the term Christians use to express the idea that God has put humans in charge of the earth, and that we therefore have an obligation to look after it.
  • Sir John Houghton: Asks whether the universe was made with humans in mind, and therefore we should treat it with respect and dedication
    • Famous philosophers
      • Religious views
        • Dominion
          • Stewardship
            • Intrinsic and instrumental value
              • Intrinsic = Value within itself
              • Instrumental = value because God created in especially to sustain human life and we are the ones who are sacred
          • Assisi: Understood that God communicates to us through nature, and therefore it is a sin to destroy it.
          • Singer: Dominion is the root cause of our environmental problems.
      • Richard Chizik: "To harm our world by environmental degradation is an offence against God"
        • Famous philosophers
          • Assisi: Understood that God communicates to us through nature, and therefore it is a sin to destroy it.
          • Singer: Dominion is the root cause of our environmental problems.
      • Rapture and end-time theology
        • Certain Christians that believe in 'the 'end-time' feel that concern for the earth and the natural world is irrelevant because they have no future.
          • Rapture and end-time theology
            • Destruction of the environment is therefore to be welcomed, and even helped along, so Judgement Day will be sooner.
          • Shallow Ecology (Conservationism)
            • Environments importance is related to its usefulness in humanity.
              • Intstrumental value: Belief that something is only valuable because of its importance to something else.
              • Anthropocentric: The belief that humanity is central and more important
              • Intrinsic value: Belief that something is valuable in itself. Humans have this and their interests should be protected at the expense of other non-human entities.
          • Speciesist: Discrimination in favour of one species, usually the human species
            • The belief that all life forms have intrinsic value.
              • Ecosophy: The idea that all living things, whether humans, animals or plants, have rights.
          • Naess: Said there are 2 ecology inputs, 1= Concerned with pollution, use of natural resources and the usefulness of the earth for humans, 2 = Concerned with richness, diversity and intrinsic value of all the natural world
            • Libertarianism
            • "Touch the Earth lightly."
              • Naess: Said there are 2 ecology inputs, 1= Concerned with pollution, use of natural resources and the usefulness of the earth for humans, 2 = Concerned with richness, diversity and intrinsic value of all the natural world
              • Ecological extension (eco-holism): The belief that all ecosystems and living things are dependant
                • Gaia Hypothesis: Suggests that the worlds physical properties and the biosphere join together to form a complex interacting system
                • James Lovelock - scientist
                  • Gaia: Comes from the Greek Goddess of the earth, who was believed to be intrinsically part of the planet
                  • Symbolism: The mutually beneficial relationship between two things where they are dependent on eachother.

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