Emancipation Edict 1861 (3)

  • Created by: MonsurAli
  • Created on: 01-06-17 15:17
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  • Emancipation Edict 1861
    • Serfs declared 'free'
      • Could marry who they wanted, own property, land, travel and enjoy legal rights.
        • Their 'rights' were only theoretical.
        • Only applied to private serfs; state serfs in 1866
      • They received their own cottage and allotment of land.
        • However land allocations varied; for some it was insufficient to live on.
        • Mirs were responsible for land allocations whilst Volosts supervised.
      • Enterprising serfs could make profits from grain.
      • If they sold land, they could move to the city and gain a wage.
    • Landlords given govt bonds as compensation
      • Some could use this to redeem debts and invest in industry
      • However some could not pay off debts leaving them to sell their remaining land.
    • Serfs had to pay 49 annual 'redemption payments'
      • This provoked unrest.
      • Land prices were sometimes above market price leaving serfs in debt.
      • Purchasing power of peasants remained low.
    • Mirs were responsible for collection of taxes and serfs had to remain with them till their payments were done.
      • Mirs constrained them and prevented them from leaving the countryside.
    • For the govt: flow of money meant a growing economy.
      • But 647 incidents of riot including a peasant riot in Kazan. Famine and inequalities still existed.
      • Initially had a 2 year delay due to getting the logistics right; in the long run emancipation took 20 years.


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