The long and short term effects of the Cuban missile crisis

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Effects of the Cuban missile crisis
    • long term
      • Khrushchev wasn't leader in 1964
      • Soviet government wanted to catch up up to America in the arms race. They were on equal footing in terms of nuclear weapons capability by 1965.
      • Greater stability was created between the two superpowers relationships (because of the arms race)
      • France left NATO- if a nuclear war happened then all members would fight with America.
        • Charles de Gaulle, French president, wasn't happy with the thought that France would be destroyed in that way.
      • In 1966, France ended its military alliance with America and started to develop its own nuclear weapons.
      • Both leaders realised that any nuclear war would destroy both countries. The doctrine of mutually assured destruction (MAD) was an idea that gave them an excellent reason to avoid war.
    • short term
      • Détente- was a relaxing of tensions in the superpowers relationship.
        • Initially the moves to Détente were slow but it soon became a key feature of their relations in the 1970's.
      • June 1963- Kennedy signalled his commitment with the USSR in a speech. He argued that the superpowers needed to focus on their 'common interests'.
      • The crisis highlighted the fragility of international peace and the difficulties of negotiation between the US & USSR.
      • The 'hotline'- in June 1963, a direct line was set up. This was between the Russian Premier in Moscow and the American president in Washington.
      • Reduction in Khrushchev's authority.
        • Many believed that he betrayed Cuba.
        • Because the removal of the American missiles in Turkey was a secret.
      • The limited test ban treaty- the USA & USSR agreed, in July 1963, that all nuclear testing in space, oceans and above ground was banned. the only nuclear tests that were still permitted were underground tests.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The Cold War resources »