EDUQUAS A LEVEL RS ETHICS DETERMINISM

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  • Determinism
    • St Augustine
      • Adam and Eve were the original sin as they consumed from the tree of knowledge
        • Concupisciene
          • Augustine called this defect in the character to sin against God called 'concupisciene'
            • It is translated from Latin as longing
              • We all have this as we inherited Adams Sin and we born from intercourse which is a result of concupisciene
                • Massa Peccati
                  • Humanity is born a lump a sin
                    • Some people receive salvation and are purged
                      • God chooses these randomly
                        • Only God knows why he chose them
                        • They are called the 'elect's or 'saints'
                          • Once you are saved, you are saved, you stay chosen
            • Concupisciene overrides free will
    • John Calvin
      • Humans are 'utterly depraved' because of the fall
        • Gods absolute power means we have no power
          • "For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith - and this is not from yourself, it is the gift of God" Ephesian 2;8
            • God chooses these randomly
              • Only God knows why he chose them
              • They are called the 'elect's or 'saints'
                • Once you are saved, you are saved, you stay chosen
            • Punishment is needed to be harsh - Jesus took the punishment for the elects hence why he died on the cross
      • Hard Determinism
        • John Locke
          • 'Free will is an illusion'
            • If a guy chooses not to leave a locked room is he really free?
        • Biological determinism
          • Human behaviour is controlled by an individuals genes
            • DNA
              • Determins our physical appearance, physical and mental capacity and behaviour
        • Physchological determinism
          • Ivan Pavlov
            • We are all conditioned
      • Soft Determinism
        • Human freedom and moral responsibility are far from being incompatible with determinsim
          • All actions are goverened by causes but there are two types of causes
            • Internal causes
              • Lead to voluntary actions of free will, the results of ones own wiahwa or desires
            • External causes
              • Lead to involuntary actions of compulsion, contrary to ones wishes or desires
          • Thomas Hobbes
        • AJ Ayer
          • Empirically studied the language
            • Soft determinism is caused
              • Hard determinsin is forced
                • Empirically studied the language
                  • Soft determinism is caused
                    • Hard determinsin is forced
        • Libetarianism
          • We have a choice on what is right and wrong
            • We have free will

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