Earthquake Case Studies

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  • Earthquake Case Studies
    • Sichuan     12th May 2008
      • effects
        • social
          • 4.6 million left homeless
          • 69 000 killed
            • Lost generation due to one child rule, many adults were sterilised and so could not reproduce again.
        • Economic
          • GDP dropped by about 1%
          • £80 billion s worth of repairs
          • Many people did not have insurance
        • Environmental
          • Panda habitats wiped out by flooding
          • valleys were blocked by landslides causing unstable lakes to form that could easily burst at any time
          • Lack of clean water reached the city due to the landslides.
      • responses
        • Long term
          • Governments gave £5 billion for rebuilding
          • survival plans and warning preparations put in place
          • Buildings were rebuilt earthquake proofed
        • Short term
          • Army were used as the landscape was steep and so normal aid could not get in.
          • Untitled
      • Causes
        • Indian plate sub-ducted beneath the Eurasian plate
        • 7.9 on the Richter Scale
        • Very Mountainous area
    • Kobe         14th January 1995
      • Effects
        • Enironmental
          • Fires due to wooden buildings and gas leaks
          • lack of clean water, all got polluted with sewage
        • Economic
          • $100 billion damage
          • Old Office blocks destroyed to the ground
          • Roads, houses, gas, water, sewage and phone links destroyed
        • Social
          • 5466 dead
          • 300 000 homeless
          • Traditional wood houses with slate roofs collapsed
      • Causes
        • 7.2 on Richter
        • Phillipine plate sub-ducted beneath eurasian plate
        • Very populated area (10 million people)
      • Responses
        • Short term
          • Trapped were rescued
          • Fires were put out
          • aid was provided and streets cleared
        • Long term
          • Buildings rebuilt to be earthquake proof
          • Drills for what to do in an earthquake and warning system put in place

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