Depression

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  • Created by: Maddie
  • Created on: 05-11-13 17:32
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  • Depression
    • Biological
      • Therapies
        • A deliberate intervention designed to treat mental disorders
        • Either a complete cure or make the symptoms more manageable
        • Arise from the medical model of abnormal behaviour
        • Treatments
          • ECT
            • Very effective in alleviating severe depression
            • Used as a last resort
            • Can have severe side affects
          • Drugs (chemo)
            • Direct effect on the nervous system
              • Balance out levels of neurotransmi-tters
            • Consists of…
              • Tricyclics
                • Blocks the reduction of noradrenaline and serotonin
              • MAOIs
                • Decreases enzyme that prevents 'happiness'
              • SSRIs
                • Makes more serotonin available
      • Explanations
        • Genes
          • Concordance rate
            • Monozygotic twins
              • One Egg
            • Dizygotic twins
              • Two Eggs
        • Biochemical Factors
          • Female Hormones
            • Post natal
            • PMS
            • Menopausal
          • Melatonin
            • SAD
              • Light Therapy
          • Amine hypothesis
        • Neuroanatom-ical Factors
          • Research Support
            • MRIs
            • CAT scans
          • Difficult to distinguish cause and effect
      • Clinical characteristics
        • Depressed mood
        • Loss of interest in fun activities
        • Decreased energy
        • Loss of confidence
        • Unreasonable feelings of guilt
        • Recurrent thoughts of death/suicide
        • Sleep disturbance
        • Appetite disturbance
      • Diathesis-stress explanation
        • Interaction between biological and environmental factors
          • Individuals have a genetic vulnerability for depression in presence of triggers
        • Predictors of adult depression...
          • Negative early life experiences
        • Woman are twice as likely as men to suffer from depression
        • Cultural Factors
          • Ethnic minority people are more likely to suffer from depression
    • Psychological
      • Therapies
        • Behavioural
          • Helps with coping mechanisms
        • CBT
          • Replaces irrational thinking with positive, rational ways of thinking
        • Exercise
          • Stimulates endorphins- prevents long term depression
            • Endorphins- 'happy hormone'
      • Explanations
        • Psychodynamic
          • Linked to loss of a loved one or a symbolic loss
        • Behavioural
          • Learned behaviours
            • Operant conditioning
            • Classical Conditioning
        • Cognitive
          • Faulty thinking patterns
            • Hopelessness theory
            • Becks cognitive triad
              • View of self
              • View of world
              • View of the future

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MrsMacLean

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A handy mind map which covers the main elements of the PSYA4 depression topic and highlights key words and topics which would be useful to revise from.

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