A Level - RS - Deontological Elements of Virtue Ethics

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  • Deontological Elements of Virtue Ethics
    • A person has a duty to follow the doctrine of the mean and to develop virtues
      • Arguably the virtues become duties in themselves
        • for example , Duty to be courageous, duty to be generous.
          • However, many would argue the doctrine of the mean is relativist and that the virtues are outcomes not duties
    • Nussbaum
      • interprets Aristotle's virtues as absolutes
        • she claims that justice, temperance  and generosity are essential elements of human flourishing across all societies and throughout time.
    • Keenan summarises Virtue Theory in three questions
      • Who am i? Who ought I become? How do I get there?
        • Bowie responds with
          • "virtues provide a way of estimating character and suggests a direction in which you should go in order to become a better person
            • again inferring that virtues are in some way duties that should be followed in order to bring about the final aim.
    • "in are virtues no more than dispositions to  obey moral rules?"
      • Walter Schaller 1990
        • argues that virtue have only instrumental or derivative value
          • this means that virtues are not good in themselves
            • virtues are only good because they cause good things in society.
              • Similar to NL where duties are good and to be followed because they bring about the final purpose with God


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