A Level - RS - Weaknesses of Virtue Ethics Part 3

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  • Weaknesses of Virtue Ethics Part 3
    • Virtue Ethics fails to fully account for acts that are done with the intention of cultivating virtues and done with the corrections but have unforeseen negative consequence
      • Louden
        • Concerned with the lack of focus on acts and consequence in VE as he acknowledges that some people do get it wrong.
          • "Virtue Ethics, however, since is conceptual scheme is rooted in the notion of a good person, is unable to access correctly the occasional tragic outcomes of human action."
    • Who has the right to decide what virtues are best?
      • Could Ari be writing from a sexist, racist position?
        • Tyler and Reid
          • "How do we decide which virtues are those to be cultivated the most?... Virtues have a relative value in different cultures"
      • Vardy
        • virtues valued by Aristotle are mostly masculine ones such as bravery and honour.
          • Ari was writing in a time that inequalities between noblemen and slaves were the norm
    • VE does not solve any problems of other deontological or teleological ethics
      • Bowie Draws from Schaller - morals have only ''instrumental or derivative value.''
        • Relies on the concept of duty
          • Undermines the significance of Virtue Theory
            • Bowie - it is difficult to work out who is virtuous as external acts may have doubtful inner motives that cannot be perceived and vice versa.
              • VE may have to borrow from other theories
                • places emphasis on community
                  • may have to apply a Utilitarian approach of the 'greatest happiness for the greatest number'


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