Defining crime and deviance

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  • Defining crime and deviance
    • Crime is behaviour which breaks laws an is punished by the legal sytem
      • Most crime is deviant but not all deviance is criminal.
        • Deviance is behaviour which goes against the norms and values of a social group.
    • Deviance is behaviour which goes against the norms and values of a social group.
    • Social construct
      • Foucault - deviance is relative, it changes depending on time and place.
      • Deviance is culturally determined.
      • Plummer:
        • Situational deviance - acts which can be defined as deviant or normal depending on the circumstance.
          • i.e. being naked in your own home is fine but not in public
        • Society deviance - acts which are seen as deviant by most of society in most situations.
          • I.e. swearing at an authority figure or kicking a dog.
    • Social order
      • social order and social control create a consensus for how to behave
      • Some norms become second nature
        • Other norms we are consciously aware of
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