Cycle of Urbanisation

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  • Created by: aldoman
  • Created on: 09-05-14 09:22
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  • Cycle of Urbanisation
    • suburbanisation
      • surbiton
        • in the borough of kingston upon thames
        • transport links to the centre of london-waterloo in 18 minutes
        • variety of affordable,good quality semi-detached housing and flats
        • high numbers of shops,servies, schools and green space- suitable for families
        • lots of congestion-70% of people own cars
          • plan to widen roads and create new access
    • reurbanisation
      • london docklands
        • high amounts of economic activity in the 19th and early 20th century
        • Docks began to decline from the 1960s onwards
        • by 1980s large areas of the docklands were derelict with 150,000 people losing ttheir jobs
        • in the 80s,20% of housing was not suitable for living
        • The london docklands development corporation was set up in 1981
        • by 1998 2700 businesses were trading in 1981
        • 24,000 new homes built
        • light railway opened in 1987 cutting journey times to london by 20 minutes
        • population doubles by the 1980s
        • 200,000 trees planted
        • £100m spent on health, education and job training
    • counter-urbanisation
      • st ives
        • town 70 miles northh of london
        • population of 3800 in 1961 to 16,400 by 2010
        • has good rail and road links to london
        • a quater of the working population commute to london daily
        • betwenn 2000 to 2010 house prices increased from 130,000 to 291,000
        • plan to build 200 new homes aimed at low income earners
    • gentrification
      • islington
        • with railway expasion the original owners moved to the suburbs
        • improved housing in the area and lead to new business openings
        • originally occupied by wealthy residents in the 19th century
        • housing couldnt be maintained and the area became run-down
        • in the 1960s middle class people began to buy properties in islington because of job opportunities and chance tyo revovate the properties to their personal taste
        • house prices increased. £430,000 by 2008
        • high crime and unemployment rates

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