Cultural variations of Strange Situation

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 02-05-19 17:15
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  • Cultural variations of the Strange Situation
    • Differences in child-rearing practices and attachment types between different cultures
    • van Ijzendoorn used Ainsworth's attachment types to assess whether they were universal
      • Meta-analysis of 32 studies from 8 countries
        • 1,990 separate mother-infant pairs
    • Insecure-avoidant - 21%
    • Securely attached - 67%
    • Insecure-resistant - 12%
    • In every culture, secure attachment was the most prominent
      • Highest in UK and Sweden (75%)
      • Lowest in China (50%)
    • Evaluation
      • Different amounts of attachment types reflect cultural differences
      • If attachment is innate, every country should have secure attachment as majority
      • Created and tested in USA, so ethnocentric
      • High reliability due to standardised procedures
      • Only 25 infants used in China, not enough to fully represent whole country

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