Complex Ions

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  • Complex Ions
    • Copper Ions
      • [Cu(H2O)6]2+
        • Blue
        • Coordination Number 6
        • [Cu(H2O)6]2+
          • dropwise NH3(aq)
            • Cu(OH)2(s)
              • Pale Blue Precipitate
          • Excess NH3(aq)
            • [Cu(NH3)4(H2O)2]2+(aq)
              • Deep Blue solution
          • HCl-(aq)
            • ([CuCl4]2-) + 6(H2O)(l)
              • Lime Green Solution
              • Coordination number 4
    • Cobalt Ions
      • Coordination Number 6
      • Octahedral with 90°
      • Blue with HCl
    • Ligands
      • 5 different degenerate d-orbitals
      • splitting of ligands then electron promotion causes colour changes

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