Music GCSE Classical period

  • Created by: Esakai
  • Created on: 20-05-18 18:44
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  • Classical   Period    (1750-1815)
    • Tonality
      • Tonal
      • Modulations to related keys
      • If home key major, 1st modulation likely dominant
      • If home key minor, first modulation likely to reltive major
    • Composers
      • HMB
        • Hayden
        • Mozart
        • Beethoven
    • Texture
      • Melody and accompaniment
      • Primary harmony
        • I
        • IV
        • V
      • Frequent perfect cadences
      • Phrasing at 2,4,8 bar units
      • Simple, clear
      • Sometimes thin
    • Patronage
      • After French revolution, many aristocrats killed so musicians survived on own artistic merit
      • When wealthy aristocrat/ institution/ church would finance composer
        • Dedicate pieces to patron
          • Increases prestige
    • Enlightenment
      • C. 1750-1800s
      • First part of classical period
      • Main themes
        • Simplicity
        • Clarity
        • Logic
    • Melody
      • Sometimes triadic
      • Scalic
      • Arpeggiated
      • V. sequential
      • Quite a lot of ornamentation
      • Largely diatonic
        • Notes within key
    • Instrumentation
      • New instruments
        • Piano
        • Clarinet
    • Rhythm
      • Simple
    • Dynamics
      • Terraced
        • Abrupt, sudden changes
    • Tempo
      • Not many changes
        • Pathetique unusual
    • Genres
      • String quartets
      • Piano sonatas
      • Symphonies
    • Harmony
      • Functional
        • Can identify easily

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