Romantic lieder and Pop ballad
Romantic lieder: a German song in the german language that is from the romantic period. The songs are dramatic, calm and reflective or tell a story.
It is for a solo voice and piano accompaniment and is normally played in a drawing room or a small recital hall
Famous composers: Schubert, Schumann, Brahms
Pop Ballad: popular songs that are from the 1950's to present day. Often a sentimental theme of love so is often quite slow to moderate tempo.
the accompaniment supports the voice and there may be backing singers that come in in the chorus. It has a intro, verse/chorus brigde coda structure. Often builds up through the verses.
Famous artists: Elton John, The Carpenters, Take That, Leona Lewis.
Classical concerto and Jazz
- between 1750-1810
- Piano and clarinet are new instruments in this time
Famous composers: Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn
Jazz: originated in New orleans-USA- in early 1900's
Feactures: basic chord structure 12 bar blues or 32 bar chord sequence, improvisation, walking bass, swung rhythms, slides
Famous jazz musicians: Miles Davis, Louis Armstrong, Dave Brubeck
Ensembles: Indian classical music and Gamelan
Indian classical music:
- performers sit cross legged on the floor facing each other
- the music can begin with tala or with a raga
- players normally enter one by one
Feactures: raga scale, tala, drone, improvisation
Instruments: sitar, tabla drum, tanpura
Famous performers: Ravi Shanker, Alla Rakha
Gamelan: a collection of tuned metal percussion. Origionated from indonesia.
it is based on a pentatonic scale and is imporvised
Instruments used: Gongs, metallophones, drums
Ensembles: Baroque and classical chamber music
baroque period: 1600-1750, composers- Bach, Handel, Vivaldi
classical period: 1750-1810, composers Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven
They use lots of ornamentation like trills, mordents, turns and acciaccatura
types of chamber music: (continuo = harpsichord or cello)
Baroque: sonata (solo insyrument and continuo) and Trio sonata (2 solo instruments and continuo)
Classical: sonata (Solo instrument and piano), Piano trio (Piano, violin and cello), String trio (Violin, viola and cello), String quartet (2 violins, viola and cello), Flute quartet (1 flute plus string quartet), Wind quartet (Flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon and French horn)
Baroque music is often contrapuntal or polyphonic.
Great choral classic and African a capella
Great choral classic:
is a large chorus and orchestra from any musical history period. is performed in concert halls and churches
the choir is the focus and the orchestra accompanies
African a capella: uses no instruments just uses the voice
origionated from south africa
often has a free tempo and a wide range of pitch
well known songs: The Lion Sleeps Tonight bu Homeless.